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Sports :: How To Make Carp Boilies And Fishing Paste Baits Using Pineapple Flavours And Butyric Acid!

12bet สํารอง This is a mixture of really seriously potent natural foods absolutely packed with feeding triggers and attractor substances that carp, and also other fish such as barbel and chub are extremely sensitive to!

Personally I avoid using any heated baits at all in cold water wherever possible. I say much more about this on CC Moore TV each month as a consultant describing how and why to use a massive diversity of various substances to trigger feeding in many potent ways and also gain incredible competitive edges over competing baits!

Cyprivit is an often over looked additive but it really enhances palatability and so boosts repetitive feeding, and the B vitamins in it really boost fish energy levels so improves your chances of getting more bites and more fish in the cold!

Other addictives that I would recommend include enzyme treated yeast powder and yeast powder (probiotic) and of course soluble fish protein and green lipped mussel extract. These really make such an incredible difference to results and impacts on fish senses believe me!

So you are looking to produce some incredibly effective economical paste baits, or boilies or pellets for this winter and spring? Pineapple is so popular but these extremely potent homemade baits described here are so different! These ideas and recipes will really prove their worth even as free baits or paste wraps around your favourite readymade boilies etc; so read on now!

Boilies really are not needed most of the time but I do not use baits because I want all the nutritional stimulation and attraction in my baits to be fully intact and leak off as efficiently as possible to seriously hit the fish right between the eyes! To most maximize cold water baits using the above ingredients and additives takes further understanding and secrets that make them incredibly habit forming over and above normal baits, and that is really where the biggest success is discovered! Revealed in my unique readymade bait and homemade bait carp and catfish bait secrets ebooks is far more powerful information look up my unique website (Baitbigfish) and see my biography below for details of my ebooks deals right now!

By Tim Richardson.

You really need to offer fish highly soluble ingredients and additives in very easily dispersed forms for fishing baits used in cold waters of the late autumn, winter and spring. Very usually additives and ingredients that are highly soluble also happen to be very much more easily digested by carp and other fish, and also really effectively disperse in the water column to form highly potent concentration gradients that fish can easily detect and home in onto in order to find your hook baits! Better than this though is that such fish will be excited to a massive degree before they reach your bait, thus making them much easier to catch as they drop their natural caution to a higher degree!

Ok I said this bait is about pineapple, well how about using the unique pineapple and butyric acid flavour custom designed by a leading house for CW Baits; it is really dominating waters now! Simply mix whatever ingredients and additives you wish to use into paste (you do not even need to use eggs,) maybe just Liquid Super Slop from CC Moore. This might mean recasting more often but it is very surprising that most pastes can be made to last intact for at least 6 hours and I have made homemade paste that lasts at least in terms of the main matrix of the bait as long as 23 hours plus (without using any egg!)

CC Moore Ultrasweet is an intense sweetener. I would get some CC Moore Super Slop in the course, and in the liquid forms. Few anglers use squid powder to alter characteristics of their sweet pineapple baits so try it! It might sound strange to use it alongside CSL (corn steep liquor) powder for instance or raw molasses but do it and see what occurs; I will not cover the nutritional secrets of why this is here but later in this article you will see where to find these secrets out OK!

The first step is to get some calcium caseinate and whey protein concentrate or lactalbumin and casein of varied forms. I might add some extra ingredients such as garlic powder, blue cheese powder rich in butyric acid and attractive salts and soluble proteins etc also. Think about it; doing this produces a double whammy effect of fast leak off of stimulation plus a slow but intense leak off that really lasts, both pulling fish in excited states and modes of behaviours to your hook baits! Look into this factor as much as possible and you really will reap big rewards as a result!

For paste using the above kinds of ingredients and additives you will have extremely potent paste, just add your pineapple flavour and away you go. Next get some fructose powder and lactose, maybe some vanilla extract meal and wheatgerm, Belachan or fermented shrimp powder from CC Moore, plus some betaine from them or the really effective betaine HCL from CW Baits. For a twist, why not mix up some high PC liquid lecithin from CW Baits with clove or cinnamon essential oil, and add this to you pineapple flavour!. I would certainly add Feedstim XP (In powder form), and hydrolysed poultry protein. This is renowned for use in cold water baits as well as in summer ones, but remember to use both fructose concentrate and this together because each enhances the habit-forming internal impacts internal duration of each of their impacts!

One massive point to make is that using both the liquid form of an additive or ingredients alongside the liquid form really is a fantastic edge for cold water baits. If you can’t get these or the cost is prohibitive then why not use other forms of milks like Vitamealo or Lamlac

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Barclays Premier League 2011-12 Fixtures, Scores & Results for Week 1

The English Premier League fixtures schedule got started up on Saturday, August 13th, with Arsenal FC and Liverpool among the m88 asia teams in action!

. The rest of his kit, long sleeves, shorts, socks and boots, is white.

There will be more from the Barclays Premier League with two games taking place on Sunday, including the very popular Manchester United squad taking on West Bromwich Albion. Liverpool and Sunderland battled to a 1-1 tie, as did Wigan and Norwich. His shorts bear the number 32.”/>The Barclays Premier League scores reflect that there have been several games already decided. Bolton defeated QPR with a 4-0 outburst in today’s action, while Blackburn was able to hold off the Wolves by a final score of 2-1.

The first of the Barclays Premier League 2011-12 scores and results are in from today’s action. These early games could show which teams will be above the rest of the league as they get their season started!

That leaves just one game on today’s fixtures schedule, with Newcastle visiting Arsenal. This will certainly be an early indication of any flaws or weaknesses in Arsenal’s lineup.

A young black man stands on a pitch dressed in football kit. Monday night will feature Manchester City as they head to Swansea City to do battle on the soccer field. Currently, Arsenal is favored to win today's game at -185, although the point spread is a

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The World’s Most Popular Casino Game: Blackjack

 Each time that you spin and shoot, you have a 1 in 6 chance of firing the actual bullet.  Basic strategy refers to using knowledge of the statistical averages of the game to win more hands than lose.  Each time you spin, the outcome becomes random – the gun has no memory of what just happened.  It’s usually on the left-hand side of the table.  Unlike Roulette where numbers come up completely randomly and there is no ‘winning strategy’.

A standard 8 deck game contains 416 cards (52 cards in each deck without the Joker).  And in a manual shoe (which, by the way, are not used much anymore due to card counting), the dealer generally puts the cards, from each finished hand, away into the discard holder until the cut card reappears.  Instead there are electronic shufflers which constantly shuffle the cards (constantly spinning the gun chamber) so it is complete random – card counting = impossible.

Blackjack is the best hand you can get – it’s getting 21 on your first two cards.  3 to 2 means 1 and a half times the original m88 asia bet, so $10 wins $15, $30 wins $45, $75 wins $112.50.  You shoot the gun and it’s empty.  Jack + King is 20.  So when a card comes out, it is forevermore taken out of the shoe until a new shuffle.

What is Blackjack?

What is card counting?

How does card counting apply to Blackjack?

First off, the Blackjack version referred to below is the one that many people know, love and play – a dealer ‘no hole card’ game.  A shoe is just the name for the container that holds the cards and where the dealer pulls the cards from. it’s a lot of fun!

Unlike poker, suits and picture-card ranks mean nothing in this game (except if you’re playing on Perfect Pairs, which is a sidebet).  An Ace and a Picture card – Blackjack!  A + K, 10 + A, etc.  You can split pairs.  Mathematically speaking, there are 128 cards worth 10 in an 8 deck game.  Chances are the dealer will bust.  There is a lot to basic strategy which I will delve into in the coming days and link to from this article for your convenience.  For the dealer, the house always takes cards for their highest value, so an A and 9 is not ’10 or 20′ – it’s just 20.

What is the best hand?

The best way to explain card counting is the analogy of the game of russian roulette, where there is 1 bullet in a gun chamber that holds 6 shots.  For example, if you have 16 and the dealer has a picture, you should definitely take another card.  When 1 Ace comes out, there are now 31 Aces left.  It traditionally pays 3 to 2.  No difference.  So, you do not spin.  You can double down (one card only).  Chuck it on whatever number on Roulette, whatever side on Baccarat, roll the dice like you just don’t care on Craps.  King + 10 is 20.  The big question is:

The house or the casino’s edge is as little as 0.05%, if a player plays perfect basic strategy.  In America, the dealer gets his second card – face-down.

Blackjack is a game developed over a couple of centuries – Spain and France had the beginning ideas of it in about 1602 AD, in games that were about getting to 21, and bestowing the Ace with a value of 1 or 11.  Blackjack cannot be formed again if you split hands, but that is another story – not something to worry about today.  For now, give it a go – even at home with one deck.  Without spinning, shoot again, etc.  128 cards out of 416 – almost a third.  Now, I have no problem with going to the casino, taking a couple of hundred dollars and just not worrying about the outcomes.  However, Blackjack is the only casino game where there is a strategy – it is not just random.  Let’s pretend it’s being dealt with a manual shoe – that means the dealer shuffles the cards well, the cards are cut (generally the player inserts a cut card into the deck, at least 1.5 decks from either end and the dealer moves all the cards in front of the cut card to the back) and the cards are placed in a shoe.  Shoot again – no bullet.

What do the cards mean?

All About Blackjack

The Classic Casino Card Game

Blackjack is a game of statistics.  The Ace is worth 1 or 11.  Basic strategy gives the player very exact rules to follow in every situation in the game, in order to give them the best possible chance of winning.  Consider this: if you shot the gun, it was blank, but did not spin before you shot again.  You shot again, and it was blank.  Queen + Queen is 20.  You spin the chamber again.  However, if the dealer had a 5, and you had 16 – you would stay.  This is the version played in Europe, Asia and Australia – where every player with a bet in the box is dealt a face-up card, from left to right, and then the dealer, and then every player is dealt a second card.  If either player goes over 21, they ‘bust’ – which means they lose.

What is basic strategy?

What is the house’s edge in Blackjack?.  With or without live bets on the table …  That’s 1 shot down.  You shoot.  Anyway, fast forward to today, and it’s the most-played casino game in the world.  You spin the chamber, and so on and so forth.  So a 10 is worth 10, as is the Jack, Queen or King.  You don’t have to go into a gambling venue to enjoy the game at https://th-th.facebook.com/m88.m88a.  That means that they will win 0.05% more than you do under basic strategy circumstances.  No bullet, again.  You could bust, but it gives you your best chance of winning if you draw.  The dealer does not get a second card – the house draws when all players have finished making their decision; therefore, what an individual player does directly affects the outcome for all players and the dealer.  Each time you shoot without spinning the chamber, there is a 1 in 6 chance, then a 1 in 5 chance, then a 1 in 4 chance until there is an extremely high chance at 1 in 3 or 1 in 2 that you will fire the bullet!  Bad game – I don’t recommend it.

Anyway, in those 8 decks, there are 32 Aces.  This is how card counting works – if you are very vigilant and have a good system (Hi-Lo is the most commonly known and used by the famous MIT groups) you can predict what the cards will be by keeping track of what cards have already come out.  Players try to make a hand (at least two cards, the value of which is added together) that is 21 or as close to 21 as possible – the dealer or ‘the house’ also draws cards to try to get to 21.  Another 3 come out – there are now 28 Aces.  2 is the lowest, then 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10/J/Q/K.  For the player, this means if they have A, 5 that is announced as ‘6 or 16′.  You can take a card, and another card, or not take any cards.  Needless to say, casinos do not like this, and for that reason manual shoes are not often used

The relationship between betting and lottery play.

The nature of substitution from the betting sector to lotto can therefore be revealed in greater and more reliable detail.

II. Controlling for the latter, our analysis revealed a degree of habit formation such that the amount staked on any 1 d reflected, at least for some products, the amount m88 asia bet the day before and on the same day the previous week. If no player wins this jackpot, the money is “rolled over” to the next draw. This is likely to have distorted their results.

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

We use BONUS in preference to a measure of price (the 1 pound entry fee minus the expected value of holding a ticket) because the amount of money rolled over from the previous draw is exogenous, whereas price would potentially be endogenous since, given the nature of the lotto game, expected value itself increases with the number of tickets sold (and therefore with the number of pounds attracted from betting). What costs and benefits are implied by offering lottery players better payouts? Will it damage the horse racing and breeding industries by drawing money away from wagering? Will it shift a significant volume of gambling from a “hard” form of gaming (betting) to a “soft” form (lotteries)? Does prohibiting access to low-cost wagering supplied via the Internet (as in the United States and France) protect the state lottery sector as well as domestic betting suppliers? These are the sorts of questions that require knowledge of whether and to what extent variation in value for money offered by lotteries induces reallocation of expenditure away from betting. Draws take place twice weekly, on Wednesday and Saturday evenings. (10) Adding rollover and Superdraw together gives greater precision in our estimates not only because of the greater number of “bonus” events but also because aggregation gives greater variation in the value of the BONUS variables. MODEL

TABLE 2

SUR Betting Turnover Estimates

A recent comprehensive report on gambling for the European Union (Swiss Institute of Comparative Law 2006, pp. The data therefore sometimes recorded Sunday business, but sometimes there was no business to record. By implication, some of the loss in lottery sales since 2001 is likely to be attributable to the large change in the relative prices of the two products associated with reform of betting tax. Phone 0044-161-295-3674, Fax 0044-161-295-2130, E-mail d.k.forrest@salford.ac.uk

The National Lottery variables, WEDNESDAY BONUS and SATURDAY BONUS, reflect that the behavior of potential players may be influenced by any bonus money added to the jackpot both on the day of the draw (when tickets may be purchased up to 7.30 p.m.) and on the two preceding days. Purfield and Waldron (1999) found that rollovers of the Irish lotto raised both lotto sales and the volume of side betting (with a major Irish bookmaker) on which numbers were drawn. “Buying a Dream: Alternative Models of Demand for Lotto.” Economic Inquiry, 40, 2002, 485-96.

ADF: Augmented Dickey-Fuller

Thalheimer, R., and M. (6) If households reallocate their gambling portfolios according to variations in relative price, this makes bookmaking potentially vulnerable if takeout falls in the lotto game, depending of course on the degree of sensitivity to value for money. Summaries of spending diaries were available for each of 6,637 households, which comprised a rolling sample, with each household taking part for 2 wk. Numbers equation also contains six subperiod dummy

variables to control for the variety of numbers game regimes during the

sample period.

Betting and lotteries are very different products. The total amounts wagered were provided for betting on horse racing, dog racing, soccer matches, and numbers games. Although the unit root test for numbers only rejects the null of nonstationarity at 10%, we are inclined to accept stationarity. To establish a consistent lag structure, it was necessary to treat each week as having the same number of days. Waldron. A fifth sector, sports betting (excluding soccer) was not included in our model because its volume is small and very heterogeneous in terms of the sort of events covered. On the other hand, payouts corresponding to small lotto prizes are much more generous than in the official game as bookmaking is very lightly taxed compared with the UKNL.

[TURNOVER.sub.it] refers to sales in sector i on date t. For example, a greater number of horse races shown on television lowered betting, presumably because potential bettors stayed at home. Such an effect was indeed detected, with a strongly significant negative coefficient, but only on Saturday and with a relatively low implied degree of cross elasticity.

We were supplied with over 5 yr of daily data on turnover in four forms of gambling offered by a major national but, for commercial reasons, anonymous British bookmaker. Access to a unique data set on betting with a prominent UK bookmaker permits us to offer an assessment.

Bank holiday soccer: dummy for a public holiday with a full English soccer programme.

UKNL: UK National Lottery

Big meeting: dummy for a day of one of the major Festival horse race meetings at Ascot, Goodwood, or Cheltenham.

Our results illustrate a certain willingness of players to reallocate their gambling budgets between the betting and the lottery as value for money changes from lottery draw to lottery draw. This is particularly true for bookmaker betting, where a much more favorable tax regime was introduced in 2001. Given this, horse bettors appear reluctant to forego wagers, whereas they appear less committed to the horses on Thursday.

The test statistics for our betting sectors, based on 12 lags without trend, were -3.74, -4.21, -6.22, and -2.62 for horses, dogs, soccer, and numbers, respectively, to be compared with a critical value of -2.86 at 5% significance and -2.57 at 10%. In the British version of the game, further variation in prize levels between draws occurs because the operator is permitted to reserve some revenue to fund occasional promotional “Superdraws” where extra money is added to the jackpot. Wednesday soccer and Wednesday lotto are clear substitutes.

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Bet Of The Day: Fulham v Bournemouth

ทางเข้า fun88 (It is exactly the same as betting on Fulham or Draw)

. They will definitely find it difficult to beat a Fulham side scrapping for survival and the return of captain Scott Parker could provoke a resurgence amongst Fulham’s performances.

As a result, our experts believe that Fulham have a massive opportunity to obtain even all 3 points at Craven Cottage. However, just to lower the risk, we bet on Fulham +0.5 Asian Handicap @1.925, bookie: Bet365.

Bet Of The Day: Fulham v Bournemouth 5.00/5 (100.00%) 1 vote

Fulham and Bournemouth are at the opposite ends of the Championship table with Fulham just narrowly sitting above the drop zone and Bournemouth in with a shout of achieving automatic promotion to the Premier League.

However, lately Bournemouth have gone off the boil. In all competitions they have just won 1 game in their last 5 away fixtures. Their win against Wolves on Tuesday was their first win in 5 matches and Bournemouth ‘s current away form has been abysmal

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Swinging Singapore? You may be surprised

It’s safe. You just have to know where to look. Sixty years ago, Singapore was a shambles, brought to its knees by a viciously cruel Japanese occupation during which over 60,000 citizens were slaughtered and many more imprisoned in unimaginably savage conditions (Changi Prison is an eye-opening tourist draw). And the same can be said about the entire city-state. You can leave from the airport between flights and take a bus tour of the city and be back in time for your connection. And although it’s not nearly as bad as in China, there’s still some unnecessary censorship and Internet regulation in place (some of your favorite “adult” sites may not be readily accessible). Indian, Malay, Chinese and fusions of the above. And now with the Marina Bay Sands casino/shopping/entertainment complex, Singapore is looking a lot like Las Vegas these days. And, as you’ve probably heard, Singapore’s airport is the best in the world (if this is the first you’ve heard, trust me, it is). “Asia Lite.” “Disneyland with the death penalty.” A “fine” city. 5. Its Universal Studio has 14 rides and attractions.

That’s almost as many as the 15 you’ll find in L.A., and Singapore has attractions you won’t find at Universal Studios Hollywood. Speaking of jumping, it’s a great jumping off point for visiting Asia.

Home to several relatively new discount airlines (such as Air Asia and Tiger Air) you can fly from Changi Airport to anywhere in Asia for ridiculously little (not that you should just pop in for a few days and take off for other parts). It’s all about shopping and eating. Take a 30-minute ferry ride to some of the out islands and you’ll think you were in a tropical rain forest. The famous Hawker Centres (street food without the street) are carefully inspected and regulated by the government. Maybe you’ll have better luck.. OK, I giggled and screamed like a kid. And (hello Beijing and Hong Kong) your lungs won’t be filled with soot at the end of the day. Tour Little India on a Saturday night and you’ll be awed by the streets and sidewalks clogged with thousands of guest workers, imported from the sub-continent to build the city’s vast construction projects. Convicted criminals still get caned; there’s no trial by jury; a monolithic and, however well-meaning, authoritarian government never lets the citizenry forget that it knows best. The Jurong Bird Park, Singapore Zoo and the 150-year-old Botanic Gardens with their amazing display of orchids are some of my other favorites.

But dig deeper and you’ll see the real Singapore. There are even monorails leading to a theme park (an outpost of Universal Studios, not Disney).

8. As your landing card clearly states, “Death to drug traffickers in Singapore” — and they don’t take kindly even to casual use.

I’ve visited this most improbable of all Asian countries many times over the last 15 years, and each time it’s something different but never so much as on my last trip this January. But Singapore has seen worse.

9. I was in New York on September 11, 2001, and it was horrible. It, too, is the best in the world. Trouble is, the little beasts are insanely ticklish and I was only able to stand it for less than a minute. Best airport? Best airline? For a fly guy like me, that’s enough reason to go there.

Even without the headline, savvy travelers would already have guessed the country. Its great outdoors is pretty great.

Most people would never think of uber-urban Singapore as a haven for outdoorsy types, but there are actually some great gardens, parks and open spaces, many of which have appeared just recently, that are unique in Asia. Speaking of gardens, the next big Singapore attraction will be the Gardens by the Bay, a domed horticultural conservatory re-opening in June 2012 that will recreate a cool and dry Mediterranean climate with springtime flowers blooming year round. Oh, and how about some changing attitudes toward LGBT rights? Things are changing, but slowly.

Nanny state. 3, 2011: Tourists relax in an infinity pool on the roof of the Marina Bay Sands Hotel tower in Singapore. (AP)

George Hobica is a syndicated travel journalist and founder of the low-airfare listing site Airfarewatchdog.com.

1. You can get your feet nibbled by tiny fish.

And now for the one thing that really eats me. There are more restaurants and shops here per square mile than anywhere else–except maybe the Las Vegas Strip.

Multicultural Singapore has the widest variety of Asian cuisine in Asia. Fun!

7. Scores (hundreds?) of beautiful young women stood along well-lit streets waiting for customers. Probably the best hotel service in the world (well, excepting, perhaps, Bangkok).

If you care at all about good service when you’re not sleeping in your own bed, you’ll be pleased no matter where you sleep in Singapore. It’s well managed. On a Saturday night just before Chinese New Year a local acquaintance drove me past the city-state’s red light district. In fact, you are.

6. True, some things haven’t changed and let’s get it out of the way now, shall we. And there’s a good reason for that. And you can see anything worth seeing in a 3.9-day visit. (Six at last count.) And believe it or not, the nightlife scene is hopping. You can be naughty here!

Yes, it’s true, just don’t be too naughty. It could only be Singapore.

3. I’ve never done this, and frankly I think the tourist board is doing itself a disfavor by giving the impression that Singapore can be “done” in four hours, but I won’t tell them how to run their country.

singapore_pool.jpg

Jan. It’s the lush foliage lining every roadway and street, manicured to within an inch of its life (I never see anyone trimming these plants and shrubs, maybe they do it at night?); the almost total absence of litter and crime; the carefully engineered public works; the endless array of shops and restaurants. Check out the famous Zouk nightclub or have an adult beverage at 1-Altitiude, an outdoor bar perched on the 63rd floor of a skyscraper with amazing 360-degree views. Think Times Square was racy back in the day? It was nothing as obvious as this and you won’t find it mentioned in the official tourist literature. You can see it all in 3.96 hours.

Just kidding! But Singapore’s Changi Airport sponsors a free four-hour “highlights” tour for transit passengers. Maybe it’s just me, but whereas I’d never consider visiting Beijing and Shanghai again (once was enough, thanks — bring your inhaler and oxygen supply if you’re going), I can never get enough of the Lion City.

4. Indulge your vices! You can gamble in glittering casinos (watch out Macau, the Marina Bay Sands has it all over you), ogle the aforementioned gorgeous Asian hookers (no, I don’t really recommend this but…) and Singapore has more (and better!) gay saunas than Puritanical New York City. Or in 3.9 hours.

So here are eight things I love about Singapore (and one thing that eats me about it — literally).

But here’s news: while the world was making fun, Singapore became an amalgam of an Asian Las Vegas with a bit of Manhattan, Sydney and Los Angeles thrown in. Oh, and let’s not forget that you’ll most likely be flying into Singapore on Singapore Airlines. If you can tolerate it, feel free to visit a “Fish Spa.” Here you place your feet in a shallow pool where hundreds of tiny fish (species: Garra Rufa) nibble your toes, ankles and soles, with supposed health and cosmetic benefits (exfoliation, blood circulation, etc.). Watch out Macau, Hong Kong and Dubai: Singapore, if it’s not already, will soon be Asia’s must-see destination. Like Disney World, it’s a mind bogglingly awesome accomplishment, but Disney’s achievement doesn’t even compare. They know that their bread is buttered by tourists in this considerable town, and they unfailingly succeed in pleasing. I’d argue that you could spend 3.96 weeks and not see it all. For more recreation, visit the Marina Bay Golf Course, arguably Asia’s best public links, or experience the G-Max Bungy Jump, which hurtles you almost 200 feet into the air at 125 mph. Singapore is aiming to be Asia’s must-do destination, and, knowing Singaporeans as I do, I wouldn’t want to bet against that happening.

2. You can walk in air-conditioned comfort from mall to casino to mall and although there are only two casinos so far, I wouldn’t be surprised to see more coming.

That said, I have to admit that the first time I visited back in the 1980s, I was indeed glibly reminded of a theme park, and I won’t blame you for thinking the same thing on your first visit. You can find these operations in malls and even at the airport. But what’s wrong with Disney World? Singapore is clean. The one vice you should studiously avoid: drugs. It reminds me of Disney World.

OK, it’s true. Already the average tourist visit has increased to 3.96 days in 2010 (it’s probably over four days now), from 3.19 days in 2001. There’s just more to see and do. I don’t know how they do it — are there world class hotel schools hidden somewhere off stage? — but I am easily offended by indifferent hotel employees and have always been amazed by the staff at the places I’ve stayed in Singapore (shout outs to the Intercontinental, the Four Seasons, the Shangri La, the Mandarin Oriental, even the Crowne Plaza at the airport, perhaps the best airport hotel I’ve ever encountered)

Research and Markets: The Global Business of Online Sports Betting: A Market Assessment and Outlook 2010 Provides Case Studies of the Major Online Sportsbook Operators and Suppliers

Betting

companies are indeed getting in on the act by increasingly offering

mobile websites and smartphone applications. With experienced and knowledgeable online

gambling operators constructing suitable markets, responding to

sports-based information and consumer investments, this can prove to be

a profitable product, albeit within tight margins. Add to that the

growth in social media, smartphone apps and microtransactions and times

that by the growing number of people globally with broadband connections

and wireless access, the future certainly looks rosy for online

sportsbooks. The internet teems with sports information

services, sports betting guides, score lines, and fixture lists that are

in the public domain. Furthermore, blogs, chats and forums have

proliferated that are devoted to sports, offering sports betting

predictions and tips and even odds comparison tools. In terms of new

technology, the anytime, anyplace, anywhere’ convenient culture of

mobile phones, combined with their status as a trusted device makes them

ideally placed for offering betting services to customers. Furthermore,

brands from other media or industries are increasingly being leveraged

to appeal to these types of customers effectively. It provides case studies of the major online sportsbook

operators and suppliers and analyses them to determine their business

models and revenue streams as well as who the winners and losers will be.

Companies Mentioned:

For more information visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/22f89a/the_global_busines

About the Author

Acknowledgements

Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Customer Acquisition and Retention

Chapter 3: Mobile Betting

Chapter 4: Online Sports Betting Market Overviews – Western and

Northern Europe

Chapter 5: Online Sports Betting Market Overviews – Central, Eastern

and Southern Europe

Chapter 6: Online Sports Betting Market Overviews – North America

Chapter 7: Online Sports Betting Market Overviews – Latin America

Chapter 8: Online Sports Betting Market Overviews – Asia-Pacific

Chapter 9: Online Sports Betting Market Overviews – Africa

Chapter 10: Sports Betting Data and Software Suppliers

Chapter 11 – Online Sportsbook Operators

Chapter 12 – Exchange Betting Operators

Chapter 13: Outlook for Online Sports Betting

. Understanding the demographics and motivations

of sports bettors can greatly enhance the effectiveness of product

development strategies and customer retention initiatives. In essence, each online

sportsbook operator is looking to participate in a sector becoming more

socially acceptable and entertainment-based, benefiting from a

liberalized regulatory structure in some markets, and enjoying growth

across many key demographics including those that have been hard to

reach through other types of gaming such as women. Online Sports

Betting: A Market Assessment and Outlook’ reveals that both

personalization and localization of services are now high on the agenda

of many gaming operators. Not only are more

people able to wager on sports through the internet than ever before,

but the amount of information available freely online increases the

chances of making bets strategically in a way that has never been

possible previously. Online Sports Betting: A Market Assessment and Outlook’

examines the main issues surrounding the growing online sportsbook

industry including betting market overviews by region; areas of

opportunity; factors affecting growth in the industry; the mobile

revolution and how it is affecting sports betting offerings; marketing

strategies of online sportsbooks; regulatory issues and demographics of

players.

Enetpulse

Opta Sportsdata

Sportradar

Finsoft

OpenBet

Bodog

Bwin

Ladbrokes

William Hill

Betdaq

Betfair

Key Topics Covered:

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/22f89a/the_global_busines)

has announced the addition of the “The

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From Tidal to 22 Days Nutrition, Jay Z and Beyonc Are Facing a Fierce Branding Backlash

He was embarking on a savvy spurt of new business ventures, including the sports management agency Roc Nation Sports and the acquisition of uber-luxe champagne brand Armand de Brignac.

But now, the duo’s entrepreneurial streak seems to have struck a sour chord. If the concept of multimillionaires sermonizing about how to eat healthfully or how to purchase music has inspired seething backlash on the part of consumers, it hasn’t stopped tone-deaf stars from hurling their hats into the entrepreneurial ring..

Beyond a mere letdown, however, the move seems to call into question the misguided nature of the venture itself. Late last month, Tidal drifted to No. And Beyoncé, worth an estimated $250 million, is poised to launch an athleisure line with Topshop later this fall.

One fan was even quick to post photographic evidence of the starlet chomping on a burger.

As music’s first couple, she was riding high off the success of a surprise visual album that defied timeworn marketing norms. The fact that Beyoncé is not a vegan and has reportedly had limited involvement in the creation of 22 Days Nutrition — a company being spearheaded by her trainer and life coach, Marco Borges — has struck a nerve with skeptical fans.

Related: Beyoncé Wants You to Get Your Kale On, Launches Vegan Food Delivery Service

Granted, at the end of the day, Jay Z is at the helm of an expansive empire worth $550 million — including Roc-A-Fella records, the Rocawear clothing line and a chain of 40/40 nightclubs. 9 on the iTunes list of top-grossing music apps, right after Slacker Radio.

In recent years, it has seemed as if Jay Z and Beyoncé could do no wrong.

Related: Jay-Z to Acquire Scandinavian Music Streaming Company for $56 Million

It’s the same skepticism that has plagued other would-be lifestyle gurus, including Gwyneth Paltrow and Blake Lively, and it’s the same skepticism that has turned Tidal, Jay Z’s three-month-old streaming service, into an all-out disaster. Yesterday, in the latest instance of branding backlash, Good Morning America teased that Beyoncé had an “amazing” announcement to share. When that news turned out not to be an album but a pre-recorded monologue about a plant-based diet that the starlet occasionally favors — a barely-veiled shill for her forthcoming meal-delivery company — the Beyhive started swarming in furor.

Related: How Reese Witherspoon’s New Lifestyle Brand Stacks Up Against Goop, Honest and Preserve

Nevertheless, the couple’s recent missteps would seem to indicate that a healthy helping of humility is crucial in the entrepreneurial realm — especially when you’re the queen bee.

After purchasing Tidal for $56 million last March, Jay Z unveiled the service at a bizarre launch event at a New York City post office, during which top-selling artists quoted Nietzsche and bemoaned the financial injustices of the music business

Trick Questions and Answers

The ailing woman is dying and requires immediate medical help. In a year, some months have 30 days, while some have 31. How’s that possible?

#18. Guess what does he weigh?

#20. The monks say that they would like to rest for a while. You have a cup placed on a table. Clark Kent does 5 sets of pushup, 6 sets of sit-up, 7 sets of squat, and 8 sets of bench dip in a day. Why?

#16.

#2. My neighbor Bob is a blacksmith. There are sixty cups on a table. It took 20,000 workers to build the Taj Mahal in 20 years. You call the elevator and get inside. Here they are…

#1. On which side is the cup’s handle?

#6. You somehow reach the 15th floor but you get too tired to continue. You learn that the people include your best friend, an ailing old woman, and your dream girl. Despite cops being present in the vicinity of the lane, he slithers away uncaught! How?

#10. 9 = 4, 21 = 9, 22 = 9, 24 = 10, 8 = 5, 7 = 5, 99 = 10, 100 = 7, 16 = ?, 17 = ?

#7. Which one is correct? “Penguins flies” or “A Penguin flies”

#17. Peter is known for his rash driving in the neighborhood. Who killed Tommy?

#24. Let’s say you are working as a tourist guide for a reputed organization. Suddenly, you notice some people standing by the side of the road, and you slow down. No matter how tricky and hard the questions are, people try their best to get to the end of the maze.

Before I give you the trick questions, let me give you the answers to the first two which were asked at the beginning. This one seems hard, but it’s simple! There is a casino and it has 4 gates (let’s name them as gate A, B, C and D). For example if you carry $5, it will become $10. Guess what would be the name of the fifth?

#4. The man has to transport each of them to the other side (say side B) of the river on a boat. If one falls down, then how many remain?

#22. How many workers would be required to build it in 10 years?

#12. The first was, “What walks on four in spring, two in summer and three in winter?” Here’s the answer.

? The answer is your ‘name’!

? Spring denotes the early childhood of a man. Now, how much money should you carry inside the casino so that when you finally come out of the gate D, you should be left with no money?

That would be all for some trick questions and answers which I could think of, as of now. On one side (say side A) a man is standing with a Bengal tiger, a goat, and a bunch of grass. So, what would you do in order to help the woman to reach the hospital? Remember that, your car can carry ‘ONLY TWO’ people (the driver and one passenger).

#27. deep, 12 ft. Imagine yourself driving on a highway on a windy day. The power is out in the building due to some maintenance work. Now, you have only one chance to spend a day with your dream girl, and of course you can’t leave your best friend behind. In Madagascar, you cannot take a picture of a lemur with gray hair. Finally, winter falls when the man starts getting older and as you know, most elderly people need the aid of a stick to walk, and hence they walk on ‘three’ legs!

The second question was, “What is it which is yours and you do not use, but others always do?”

Let’s see if you can get the rest of the questions right. There is a hole in your backyard. One day, you get to serve 35 tourists. Guess which month has 28 days?

#5. wide. Then there was a loud bang, and everybody found Tommy dead in his kennel. The entire group comprises 5 businessmen, 2 monks, 4 photographers, 5 high school students, 7 doctors, 4 nuns, 3 small kids, 3 scholars, and 2 married couples. One day you decide to enter a sixty-storied skyscraper. Roger was reading, Bella was painting, little Johny was trying to walk, the widow (next door neighbor) was over the phone with her husband, Susie was in the kitchen, and Tommy, the pet dog, was barking frantically. There is a river. How will he do it? Remember that, the tiger can kill the goat if not attended by the man, and the goat can eat the grass, when left alone.

#26. The office on the 15th floor deals in jazz and rock music videos. Name all the numbers from 1 – 100, which have the letter ‘A’ in their spellings?

#8. long, and 8 ft. It was a sunny Sunday morning. tall, and eats all the time. Also know that, whatever amount of money you carry with you inside the casino, it doubles. Out of these, 2 nuns leave halfway, 3 photographers decide to stay behind, and the students begin to disappear one by one. You want to go to the 15th floor and the 40th floor, for the view from there is magnificent. Which letter of the English alphabet flies, sings, and stings?. So, how will you survive the crash?

#21. You have to go inside the casino through gate A, come out of B, again go inside the casino through gate C and finally come out of gate D. Every time you enter the casino, you have to pay $5 and every time you leave the casino, you again have to pay $5. The other day, Helena bought a new set of China from the nearby store. What goes up and down, but still remains in the same place?

#3. Now, the boat can carry one item at a time along with the man. Evey single passenger on the ship drowned but only four survived. What is the amount of dirt that lies in this crevice?

#15. So, which organ in his body would be the largest?

#13. Imagine you are in a flight that is going to crash any moment. One day, he takes a one-way lane but goes in the wrong direction. Why is it a felony to bury a giant bear who lives in a rainforest, in a desert?

#19. This one is my favorite among all trick questions and answers. There will be more coming up in future and those will be trickier and more interesting; enough to shock, amaze, and amuse you! Till then, keep ‘cooking’ your own set of trick questions and answers and amuse others!

Trick questions and answers are always fun and exciting. How many remain in the water?

#9. Complete the series. Due to negligence, 1 big fish and 2 small fish died. Last year, a cruise ship sank in the middle of the Pacific. What is the name of the guide?

#23. Guess what type of music is playing inside the elevator?

#25. While she was serving the dinner, she got clumsy and dropped one China bowl on the concrete floor, without cracking it? How did Helena did it?

#11. What is the smartest and quickest way to lift a giant grizzly bear with one hand?

#14. Ten, Twenty, Thirty, Forty… He is 45 years old, 7 ft. All you have with you is a self-help book named How to save yourself from a plane crash. You are pointing towards the North and the cup is facing towards the South. It is 6 ft. During that time, he is a baby and crawls – meaning he walks on four legs! Adulthood is analogous to summer, and so the baby becomes a man and walks on two. Tom had 3 big fish and 3 small fish in an aquarium. Larry’s father has five sons, viz

Hong Kong For Beginners by Ramon van Meer

Summer season can be really humid and hot in Hong Kong.

The majority of Hong Kong’s budget hotel choices can be found along Nathan Road, where some high-raised buildings house youth hostels and guesthouses run by nearby families. While a fair enough statement, that still does not do Hong Kong justice, with its myriad of various cultures and lifestyles and cuisines.

Just what to eat

It’s ideal to carry light and portable garments that breathes and is relaxing for a day of jogging. Most of the time, it is achievable to pay for almost any amount for a hotel room or hostel bed in Hong Kong, based on your funds.

Getting to the city is quick, too, with a lot of cheap flights to Hong Kong from most major world cities, including Europe and North America.

What to see

When talking about Hong Kong to pals that have not been there, I always state that it is like London plonked down in the middle of Asia. With these 2 tools at your disposal, you can certainly see literally all of Hong Kong. When you plan to travel during the winter, ensure that you bring at least a light jacket or coat in case of a cold spell.

Getting Around

You may possibly also desire to test Hong Kong’s vivid horse racing tradition. From the boutiques in Soho to the upmarket foreign brand merchants and multi-level department stores in Causeway Bay or perhaps the funky local markets on the Kowloon side of the city, you can more or less discover nearly anything you happen to be after – in most cases at a great price!

There are 2 effortless transport possibilities in Hong Kong: the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) and your own 2 feet. The very best time of year to go to Hong Kong is throughout the autumn, winter and spring while the temperatures are most liveable. Your best bet is to catch one of the city’s old street trolleys to Happy Valley

Hong Kong is also a shopper’s paradise. Hong Kong is one of the world’s true global metropolises – a kind of Gotham City for Asia where pretty much everything you need – be it American donuts or Australian Shiraz – is actually obtainable.

There is only one thing much better than shopping in Hong Kong, and that is eating. From small noodle joints to upscale French restaurant, you’ll locate all sorts of restaurant, eating hall and snack stall on earth in Hong Kong. When you first arrive, you may certainly desire to pick up an Octopus Card, the city’s mass transit refill card which allows you to swipe onto any of the public transport alternatives in Hong Kong, which includes buses and trains. Or London with lots and lots and lots of Chinese folks. On Hong Kong Island, especially in Soho and Central, there are many trendy international restaurants for discerning food lovers.

In Hong Kong’s fashionable Soho area, a series of small avenues stacked upon each other bursting with adorable stores, small dining establishments along with attractive buildings, you might also want to take a ride on the world’s longest escalator, Central-Mid-Levels-Escalator.

What to see in Hong Kong would depend largely on your passions. The very first stop for most visitors is a trip up Victoria Peak Tram, a historic funicular railway that carries people on a near-vertical ascent up to Victoria Peak, the highest point in the city overlooking Hong Kong’s amazing skyline.

When to go and exactly what to pack

Upscale choices range from major international hotel brands to local boutique hotels. Hong Kong’s weather is virtually always moderate, and can get quite hot and humid throughout the summer. The Kowloon peninsula, specifically the Mong Kok neighborhood, is a destination for local Hong Kong restaurants and snack stalls offering a variety of strange and crazy bites to eat. When booking these kinds of accommodations, make certain you receive confirmation of your bed and be sure to check out the facilities before you pay, mainly because some are fairly grotty.

Hong Kong is really one of the world’s excellent cities. Regardless of whether on your 1st visit or your 10th, you can undoubtedly be impressed and astounded through the city’s pulsing existence, hurried pace and frenzy of distinct lifestyles. This is much like the Oyster Card in London.

Racecourse, where you can certainly watch young horses race on grass under the dim sparkle of tall skyscrapers.

Hong Kong also offers an array of significant museums, or if you’re seeking something a bit more spiritual, you might consider the intense journey up to the 10,000 Buddhas Monastery in Sha Tin, where by countless stairs lead you past hundreds of golden buddha statues to a hilltop monastery.

Where to stay

Obama proposes shifting funds from nuclear nonproliferation to nuclear weapons | The Center for Public Integrity

Tim Scott (R.-S.C.) about whether he supports completing the MOX plant. At the end of it, a $250 million DOE “nuclear counterterrorism incident response” program previously considered a weapons activity was shifted to the nonproliferation budget account, a change that has the effect of making the bottom line for that account look better than it otherwise would have.

Specifically, officials said, the Energy Department determined in consultation with the Pentagon that it would likely need $10 billion in new funds to fulfill all of its promises to the military for the production of modernized warheads, over the next decade alone.

Tom Collina, research director for the Arms Control Association, a Washington-based nonprofit group, said “in a way,” it seems inconsistent for the administration to promote arms control while cutting the DOE’s nonproliferation budget. A Pentagon spokeswoman, Jennifer D. The study determined that the modernization program was underfunded, and steps have been taken to ensure adequate funding for essential modernization needs moving forward.”

Much of the reduction in nonproliferation spending — around $183 million — would come from a controversial plant designed to transform excess plutonium from the U.S. Only one category of Energy Department nonproliferation work would be increased — research and development, mostly to finance work on a new nuclear detonation sensor to be placed about Air Force satellites.

But several officials and other sources familiar with the administration’s budget deliberations this year said the DOE nuclear weapons-related cost overruns and the new austerity climate gripping Washington – including the demand under so-called “sequestration” legislation for $54 billion in national security spending cuts each year until 2021 -had upended the administration’s plans to spend more on nonproliferation.

To cover the $10 billion total cost overrun, the Energy Department and its National Nuclear Security Administration agreed to transfer roughly $3 billion into weapons work from management accounts and other internal savings. “I will certainly look into this with high priority” if confirmed, he told Scott.

The department also needs more funds than anticipated for improvements to the W76 warhead, which is carried by Trident submarine-based missiles.

Under the 2014 proposal, the Energy Department’s nuclear weapons activities funding — which includes modernization efforts for bomber-based and missile-based warheads — would be increased roughly 7 percent, or around $500 million, above the current level of $7.227 billion for these activities.

The Energy Department needs at least $3 billion to $5 billion more to upgrade the B61 nuclear bomb — meant for deployment aboard strategic and tactical aircraft — than it initially expected, and several billions of dollars more to cover cost overruns in construction of the uranium processing facility. because our national security depends on it.”

Secretary of Energy nominee Ernest Moniz, speaking at a Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday, ducked multiple questions from Sen. That plant was initially budgeted at $1.8 billion, but the pricetag has ballooned to at least $7.5 billion, provoking widespread criticism and allegations of mismanagement.

The new weapons-related spending would expand efforts to upgrade the W76, W88, W78, and B-61 warheads, and help fund construction of a new facility in Tennessee for processing uranium, a nuclear explosive used in these and other warheads. The officials have also decided to discuss a potential agreement for such reductions with Russian president Vladimir Putin.

As recently as December 3, President Obama described the government’s nuclear nonproliferation efforts — including some directed by the Defense Department — as “one of our most important national security programs.” Speaking at the National Defense University, Obama said the effort was “nowhere near done. That would include a 16 percent cut in spending on efforts to halt the use of fissile material in civilian nuclear reactors and collect or secure weapons-usable fissile materials in other countries; an 8 percent cut in spending on policy to control the spread of nuclear weapons-related technologies; and a 36 percent cut in efforts to monitor potential illicit commerce in fissile materials.

The Center for Public Integrity has previously reported administration officials had agreed that the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. These programs have experienced billions of dollars in cost overruns in recent years, forcing the administration to look elsewhere in the DOE budget to find the money it needs to keep them alive.. programs for securing, reducing and eliminating weapons usable nuclear materials are a critical part of our strategy for combating nuclear terrorism and preventing the proliferation of these deadly dangerous materials…A decision to significantly cut these programs, including our near-term ability to dispose of excess plutonium, would be a setback to our ability to reach critical security goals.”

Moniz, in his confirmation hearing, tread carefully around the topic of what the department should be spending on nonproliferation. But he said officials may have calculated that they cannot win congressional support for further cuts in nuclear arsenals with Russia without spending billions more to refurbish America’s remaining stockpile of nuclear weapons, under a bargain Obama struck during his first term.

Asked for comment, NNSA spokesman Robert Middaugh said he could not respond until the budget has been formally released. Its construction would be greatly slowed, while the Defense Department and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration study alternative ways to safeguard tons of the excess plutonium.

But then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, after hearing from aides that these overruns were due in part to poor management and inaccurate cost accounting at DOE, initially said the department would not provide any new funds to DOE, on top of the $4.5 billion it previously promised to cover earlier overruns, according to two government officials privy to the deliberations.

The plant is about 60 percent completed, but one senior administration official called it “managerially and programmatically, a nightmare,” with continuously rising costs.

The priority shift “is going to be a disaster,” said a Democratic congressional aide, who asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak on the budget before its official release. Sam Nunn, said “the U.S. “If confirmed, I intend to make sure that [DOE laboratories and intelligence experts] … continue to sustain the nation’s nuclear security,” he said, without delving into budgetary issues or specific programs.

Under the Obama administration’s proposal for fiscal year 2014, spending for the MOX plant would be around $330 million, or 47 percent of the budget it was supposed to get next year. “These cuts are going to be huge,” and will be particularly problematic amid budget boosts for weapons programs that many lawmakers believe “have been mismanaged for the last five to six years.”

The Obama administration will propose a deep cut in funding for nuclear nonproliferation programs at the Energy Department largely so it can boost the department’s spending to modernize its stockpile of nuclear weapons, according to government officials familiar with the proposed 2014 federal budget to be unveiled Wednesday, April 10.

The half-billion-dollar shift in spending priorities reflects an administration decision that nuclear explosives work the Energy Department performs for the military should be both accelerated and expanded. military deploys could be cut by at least a third, below a limit of 1550 established in a treaty with Russia in 2010. It then asked the Pentagon to provide the additional $7 billion.

Joan Rohlfing, president of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit arms control group founded by Ted Turner and former Sen. nuclear weapons arsenal into fuel for reactors that generate electricity, known as the Mixed-Oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant in Savannah River, S.C. But Democrats on Capitol Hill and independent arms control groups predicted the decision will provoke controversy and a substantial budget fight this year.

In the end, the Pentagon was cajoled into contributing $3 billion more. Elzea, declined to address the issue in detail but confirmed that “over the past year DOD and DOE carried out a joint study regarding DOD’s nuclear weapons requirements and funding options for those requirements. But that still left a $4 billion gap between DOE’s nuclear weapons-related promises to the military and its ability to complete that work, forcing a scramble during the department’s budget deliberations to cut from other programs, officials said.

Under the Obama proposal, the budget for other DOE work related to nuclear nonproliferation would also be curtailed by about $277 million. (Work on the facility and its equipment was well along when DOE abruptly realized it would not be large enough to accommodate needed machinery, forcing a costly redesign and lengthy delays.)

The department’s nonproliferation programs, aimed at diminishing the security threat posed by fissile materials in other countries that can be used for nuclear weapons, would be cut by roughly 20 percent, or $460 million, below the current level of $2.45 billion, the officials said.

One, who asked not to be named, said the DOE shortfall had set off “months of wrangling” about the issue, not only within the department but at the highest levels of the administration. Not by a long shot.” He also proudly said the government has been “increasing funding, and sustaining it ..

2001 index volume 75. – Free Online Library

Edmundo Paz Soldan

Alberto Fuguet A223

Ninapayta de la Rosa, Jorge Munequita linda W178

Weinberger, Eliot Karmic Traces: 1993-1999 A160 — SEE Bei Dao

Russo, Albert Beyond the Great Water 334 — Unmasking Hearts A149

Krstajic, Ranko Martinov greh W172

Chen, Hanming SEE Liang Xiaosheng

Smith, Arthur SEE Mama’s Baby (Papa’s Maybe)

Modern Women Playwrights of Europe ed. Alastair McEwen A235

Wing, Betsy SEE Assia Djebar

Camilleri, Andrea La gita a Tindari A201

Marias, Fernando El nino de los coroneles A220

Berry, Michael SEE Chang Ta-chun

Milosevic, Nikola Nit miholjskog leta: Nostalgija za beskonacnim

W173

Arnalds, Ragnar Landkrabbinn A192

Alechinsky, Pierre SEE Salah Stetie

Laferriere, Dany Le cri des oiseaux fous 307

Onwueme, Osonye Tess Shakara Dance-Hall Queen: A Play About Mothers

Daughters 310

Parti-Nagy, Lajos Hosom tere 347

Marshall, Paule The Fisher King A148

Hryhorenko, Hrytsko, Lesya Ukrainka From Heart to Heart:

Women’s Voices in Ukrainian Literature 4 ed. George Kao, trs.

Patia Yasin the author W102

Handal, Nathalie SEE The Poetry of Arab Women

Haavardsholm, Espen Ost for Eden: En biografi om Johan Borgen A197

Uganda Poetry Anthology 2000 eds. Slobodanka Vladiv-Glover W166

Q

Hout, Syrine C. The Terrible Power of a Minor Guilt: Literary

Essays tr. Dalya Bilu A232

Sigurdardottir, Frida A. Nigel

Spencer, intro. Kiacz

Hanania, Tony 286

Handke, Peter W78, W80

Herbert, Zbigniew W56

Hinojosa-Smith, Rolando A3, A64

Illyes, Gyula W3, W54

Jabra, Jabra Ibrahim 214, 220, 223 — A Face, 1952 216 — Self-Portrait

217 — A Face, 1951 222 — back cover of Spring

issue

Jabra, Lamia 221

Jabra, Yousef 220

Jandl, Ernst W89

Khrushchev, Nikita W34

Kiacz, Daniel T., Karyn Lynn Gilman Celebrating 75 Years of

WLT [print] A4, A72

Le, Linda A3, A86

Le Clezio, J.M.G. W186

Aldama, Frederick Luis A132,A227

Allen, Roger A111

Archuleta, Elizabeth W185,408

Arnold, A. Arnold A227

Boullata, Issa J. Alexander Boguslawski W165

Vasilenko, Svetlana Shamara and Other Stories eds. Helen Dendrinou Kolias 409

Leviant, Curt SEE Isaac Bashevis Singer

Mark, Grigorii Ogliadyvaias’ vpered A212

Karlin, Wayne SEE Ma Van Khang

Vrioni, Jusuf SEE Ismail Kadare

Saramago, Jose A Caverna A112

Petrov, Aleksandar Turski Bec 391 — SEE Li Qing

Lala-Crist, Dhespina Enas mikros theos perisepse 409

Dharwadker, Vinay SEE A.K. Susanne

Baghestani 320

Yehoshua, Abraham B. 324

Schenk, Leslie 331,A138,A147,A148,A236

Schoolfield, George C. 329

Goscilo, Helena SEE Svetlana Vasilenko

Oster, Christian Une femme de menage 362

Dimitrova, Kristin Popravka na talismani A213

Gordon, Robert SEE Primo Levi

Carrano, Patrizia Illuminata W161

Dandova, Marta SEE Karel Capek

Adcock, Fleur Poems 1960-2000 W109

Abdul-Baki, Kathryn K. A115

McKellar, Jennifer W183

McLeod, A. 357

White, Steven F. A160

Grimm, Reinhold W151,A186

Gunnars, Kristjana 378,A192,A197

Gyorgyey, Clara W132,347

Hagen, W.M. Peter

Cole Yahya Hijazi Gabriel Levin 404

Index of Reviewers

Abbott, Scott W78

Abdel-Jaouad, Hedi W97,406

Abramson, Julia W139,306

Accad, Evelyne A229

Adams, Jeffrey W147

Agarwal, Ramlal W105,A135

Aikant, Satish C. Night River 317

Belpoliti, Marco SEE Primo Levi

Wilbur, Richard Mayflies: New Poems and Translations W123

Vacis, Gabriele SEE Marco Paolini

Barrientos, Juan Jose Versiones 399

Benni, Stefano Spiriti W161

Al-Bazei, Saad Tension in the House: The Contemporary Poetry of

Arabia 267

Maulpoix, Jean-Michel L’instinct de ciel 362

Petri, Gyorgy Two Poems tr. Elizabeth Gamble Miller 299

Groot verseboek 2000 comp. Mabel Lee W101

Riemann, Wolfgang SEE Zulfu Livaneli

Stead, C.K. W138,360

Hutchings, William 329,342

Ingwersen, Faith A198

Ireland, Susan 307,A113

Isaacson, Lanae Hjortsvang W154(2),373(2),374,377,A189(2),

A190,A194

Iwamoto, Yoshio 321,A137

Jacobs, Rita D. Peter Nazareth A120

T

Baghestani, Susanne SEE Fattaneh Haj Seyed Javadi

Wuhr, Paul Venus im Pudel W151

Wang Shuo Please Don’t Call Me Human tr. Henri Mitterand 357

Djebar, Assia So Vast the Prison tr. Michael Biggins A217

Kamanda, Kama Les contes du crepuscule A116

Perry, Thomas Amherst Passage to Romania: American Literature in

Romania A233

Evangelides, Constantine SEE Claire Angelides

Franchini, Enzo SEE Alfredo De Palchi

Michaels, Anne Skin Divers W120

Gnisci, Armando Una storia diversa A206

Jergovic, Miljenko Mama Leone W170

Yasin, Patia SEE Pai Hsien-yung

Brook, Victor Hotel “Million Monkeys” and Other Stories

tr. Maryse Bourdin et al. W107

Love, Ursula A182

Lyngstad, Sverre 379,380,A197

Maceri, Domenico W16,A203,A208

MacFadyen, David W166,390

Maciuszko, Jerzy J. LaVonne Ruoff 408

Amis, Martin Experience W126

Cooke, Miriam Ghassan al-Jaba’i: Prison Literature in Syria

After 1980 237

Kahn, Peter SEE Tununa Mercado

Ramat, Silvio Sharing a Trip: Selected Poems tr. Michael

Berry W101

Vignisson, Runar Helgi i allri sinni nekt 378

Bhely-Quenum, Olympe C’etait a Tigony A119

Gangopadhyay, Sunil Murmur in the Woods: Selected Poems tr. Geoffrey Strachan A177

Munoz, Braulio A Storyteller: Mario Vargas Llosa Between

Civilization and Barbarism W181

Commere, Pascal Vessies, lanternes, autres betes cornues 361

Reda, Jacques Accidents de la circulation A172 — Le lit de la

reine A177

Hitchins, Keith SEE Lucian Blaga

Su Jung In Talgung trs. Ragini Ramachandra

328

Allen, Roger An Introduction to Arabic Literature A228 — SEE Jabra

Ibrahim Jabra

Herrera, Juan Felipe Loteria Cards and Fortune Poems: A Book of

Lives ill. W160,383,384,A202

Cranston, Mechthild W141,A173,A178

Czerwinski, E.J. Marjorie

Perloff A156

Tuschick, Jamal Keine grosse Geschichte A184

Li Qing Kosovo 1999 trs. Bill

Henderson et al. Andre P. Maurice Kenny, intro. Narayan

Raine, Kathleen The Collected Poems of Kathleen Raine A157

Salti, Ramzi A Different Leader of Men: Yusuf Idris Against Arab

Concepts of Male Homosexuality 246

Louisgrand, Nathalie SEE Hong Ying

Dongala, Emmanuel B. Ronald B. Renate Lauermann

W151

Blodgett, Harriet The Feminist Artistry of “Paradise of the

Blind” A31

Humphreys, Emyr The Gift of a Daughter A145

H

Suarez, Lucia M. Riley W186

Djombo, Henri Le mort vivant W96

Mercado, Tununa In a State of Memory tr. Genevieve Imbot-Bichet A129

Spark, Muriel Aiding and Abetting A150

Berelis, Guntis Minotaura medibas W133

C

Schami, Rafik Die Sehnsucht der Schwalbe 367

Ramras-Rauch, Gila Remembering Yehuda Amichai 1924-2000 W86

Sekatskii, Aleksandr Soblazn i volia: Proza, esseistika 390

Bjornsson, Eysteinn I skugga heimsins W153

Cheng, Francois The River Below tr. Sonia Morris, tr. Eliot Weinberger Iona Man-Cheong A106

Ferrero, Ernesto N. Bruce Berlind

A166

Faldbakken, Knut Froken Snehvit W155

Literary Necrology 2000 W89

Helsinki: A Literary Companion eds. Reflections on Exile and Other Essays A111

Nieminen, Kai Serious Poems tr. Monikas lovsang A189

I

Yan Haiping Theatrical Impulse and Posthumanism: Gao

Xingjian’s “Another Kind of Drama” W20

Emecheta, Buchi The New Tribe 310

Leong Liew Geok Women Without Men A141

Ginsberg, Allen Spontaneous Mind: Selected Interviews 1958-1996 ed.

David Carter, pref. 361

Berner, Robert L. Oesters gestoofde pot A190

Lemoine, Michel Paris chez Simenon 361

Hospital, Janette Turner WLT’s Top 40 List: A Response A74

Paker, Saliha SEE Latife Tekin

Ollier, Claude Wanderlust et les Oxycedres W138

Lehtonen, Soila SEE Helsinki

Ellis, Robert Richmond SEE Reading and Writing the Ambiente

Homenaje a Eugenio Florit: De lo eterno, lo mejor ed.

tr. Doris Plantus-Runey,

intro. Janet M. Ancient Acid Flashes Back 183

Maupin, Armistead The Night Listener A148

Puertolas, Soledad Adios a las novias 395

Nguyen Huy Thiep Conte d’amour un soir de pluie tr. Moisson de cranes: Textes pour le Rwanda W93

– Rift Routes Rails: Variations romanesques 305

Di Pasquale, Emanuel SEE Silvio Ramat

Schlink, Bernhard Liebesfluchten W147

Bayly, Jaime Los amigos que perdi W178

Sigurdsson, Birgir Ljosid i vatninu A196

Schmidt, Kathrin Go-In der Belladonnen: Gedichte 370

Metellus, Jean La vie en partage W96

Kureishi, Hanif Midnight All Day 332

Dabydeen, Cyril My Brahmin Days and Other Stories 306

Vladiv-Glover, Slobodanka SEE Mikhail Epstein

Kanyadi, Sandor There Is a Land: Selected Poems tr. Hub Nijssen A187

Rigoni Stern, Mario Tra due guerre e altre storie A204

Bidisha [Bidisha Bandyopadhyay] Too Fast to Live 330

Skins: Contemporary Indigenous Writing eds. Narayan: An Anthology of Recent Criticism ed. Talking About O’Dwyer W10 — The Writer at Work:

Essays A140

Oz, Amos The Same Sea tr. Sebastiano

Martelli A202

Venturi, Maria Incantesimo 383

Abele, Inga Nakts pragmaticke A167

Nazareth, Peter SEE Critical Essays on Ngugi wa Thiong’o

V

Company, Flavia Melalcor A230

Lyngstad, Sverre SEE Knut Hamsun

Duong Thu Huong Memories of a Pure Spring trs. L. Dave Oliphant W177

Ten South African Poets ed. Roger K. Nicoletta Di Ciolla

McGowan, tr. 402

Wickersham, Erlis W146,370,A184

Wolf, Gregory H. W132,370(2),A165

Bishop, Michael 360,361,362(2),A178(2)

Bliss, Carolyn 323,A140

Boening, John A237

Boggs, Bruce A224

Booth, Marilyn 403

Boullata, Issa J. William I. Jusuf Vrioni 406

Glissant, Edouard Sartorius: Le roman des Batoutos W97 — SEE

Sylvie Kande

Moreau, Jean-Luc SEE Ali Erfan

Monenembo, Tierno L’ aine des orphelins W94

Konrad, George The Invisible Voice: Meditations on Jewish Themes

tr. Anna Frajlich 389

Chernikova, Elena Zolotaia oslitsa A211

Douglas, Josie SEE Skins

Tran Nho Bui SEE Nguyen Van Sam

Hamsun, Knut On Overgrown Paths tr. A209

Johnson, Emily A211

Kabdebo, Thomas W130,W131,346

Kahf, Mohja W192

Kaiser, Mary W122,342,A154

Kamoche, Jidlaph Gitau A121

Karriker, Alexandra Heidi A212

King, Adele W93(2),W94,W143,303,305(2),308,A115,A120,A121,

A127

King, Bruce W95,W109,W111,W112,W114,W116,W118,310,324,

330,332,339,340,359,A118,A136,A146,A151(2),A152

King, Martha W159,W161,W162,386,A203

Kinkley, Jeffrey C. SEE Shuntaro Tanikawa

Wolf, Gregory H. Nayra Atiya W192

W

Nimrod Les jambes d’Alice 305

Makela, Matti Ohitusleikkaus ja muita kertomuksia A164

Stimac, Zdenka SEE Dane Zajc

Cavanagh, Clare SEE Adam Zagajewski

Fenton, James The Strength of Poetry: Oxford Lectures A159

Xcites: The Flamingo Book of New French Writing ed. LaVonne SEE Stories for a Winter’s Night

Flogstad, Kjartan Evig varer lengst 379

Salisbury, Ralph Rainbows of Stone 407

Gunnarsson, Petur Myndin af heiminum A193

Chavez-Silverman, Susana SEE Reading and Writing the Ambiente

Tekin, Latife Dear Shameless Death trs. Howard Goldblatt W103

Simpson, Thomas SEE Marco Paolini

Mayrocker, Friederike Requiem fur Ernst Jandl A188

Mazzarella, Merete “Da svanger sig sommaren kring sin

axel”: Om konsten att bli gammal A198

Widmer, Urs Der Geliebte der Mutter W148

Rollyson, Carl, Lisa Paddock Susan Sontag: The Making of an

Icon A161

Vazquez-Figueroa, Alberto El Inca W179

Spiegel, Hubert SEE Welch ein Leben

Ivkovic, Snezana Rastojanja A214

Elliott, William I. W165

Muinzer, Louis W156,379

Muller-Bergh, Klaus A235

Naghibi, Nima A137,

Narayan, Shyamala A. A. Imre Goldstein W132

Singer, Isaac Bashevis More Stories from My Father’s Court tr.

Curt Leviant A200

Leong, Russell Charles Phoenix Eyes and Other Stories 341

Tupja, Edmond SEE Fatos Kongoli

Imbot-Bichet, Genevieve SEE Can Xue

Barr, Alan P. SEE Angela Bianchini

Liabo, Marita Brytning A198

Seppala, Juha Suuret kertomukset 344

Reich, Peter SEE George Konrad

Nicole, Robert The Word, the Pen, and the Pistol: Literature and

Power in Tahiti 326

Broda, Martine Poemes d’ete 360

Chatterjee, Debjani SEE The Redbeck Anthology of British South

Asian Poetry

Havel, Vaclav SEE Allen Ginsberg

Thakore, Anand Waking in December A136

Tanikawa, Shuntaro Selected Poems trs. W193

Samuel, Yoshiko Yokochi A138

Sarvan, Charles P. W170,A218

Brescia, Pablo 399,400

Breton, Jean-Luc 334,A149

Briffa, Charles A206

Bronson, Daniel R. Alok Bhalla

W106

al-Daif, Rashid This Side of Innocence tr. Lewis Davies Arthur Smith W124

D’Arrigo, Stefano I fatti della fera A203

Cesarani, David Arthur Koestler: The Homeless Mind W123

Saburov, Evgenii Po kraiu ozera A212

Biumi, Enea Bosinata 384

van der Leeuw, Frank SEE Lutz Rathenow

von Savigny, Hans Die Invasion der Schnecken ed. trs.

Mohammad Mehdi Khorrami Shouleh Vatanabadi A137

Said, Edward W. Rupert Garcia W120

Ramos, Jorge Franco Rosario Tijeras A219

Williams, N.D. A114

Evenson, Brian W137,W142,A116,A173

Exner, Richard A187

Fahnestock, Lee A171

Falk, Thomas H. Stull, fwd. Kwame

Dawes A117

Transitions: Slovak Stories ed. W190,W191

Banerian, James 327(2)

Barnett, Ursula A. James W97,308

Arrington, Melvin S. W149

Bakker, Martinus A. A147

Bayard, Pierre Comment ameliorer les oeuvres ratees? A174

Khorrami, Mohammad Mehdi SEE A Feast in the Mirror

Baghdadi, Chawqi Les amants s’envolent vers le levant tr.

Claude Krul 406

Birbalsingh, Frank SEE Jahaji

Cuoco, Lorin SEE The Dual Muse

Neugebauer, Janet M. 363

Ferreira, Cesar A221

Flanagan, Kathleen A141

Forcadas, Albert M. W115,W116

Jeannet, Angela M. Bahman Nirumand W107

Paolini, Marco, Gabriele Vacis The Story of Vajont ed. A169

Griffin, Larry D. Alice Copple-Tosic 392

Field, Edward SEE Neil Derrick

Xianggang xin wenxue nianbiao (1950-1969) eds. A139

Reid, Robin Anne Ray Bradbury: A Critical Companion 341

Appelfeld, Aharon Kol Asher Ahavti W189

Hallmundsson, Hallberg Sneidar — ekki af osti (Umhendur II) 377

Booth, Marilyn Beneath Lies the Rock: Contemporary Egyptian Poetry

and the Common Tongue 257

Sankranti, Sujate The Warp and the Weft and Other Stories A134

Ziolkowski, Theodore WLT’s “Top 40″ A78

Paddock, Lisa SEE Carl Rollyson

Suri, Manil The Death of Vishnu A135

Agbabi, Patience Transformatrix W118

Simonsuuri, Kirsti Rakkaus tuli kun lahdin maan aariin 345

Eco, Umberto Experiences in Translation tr. Frank van der Leeuw W149

Ensing, Riemke Talking Pictures: Selected Poems 322

Queffelec, Yann Osmose 354

Rinaldi, Angelo Tout ce que je sais de Marie A172

Mambrini, Miriam A outra metade W190

Nagy, Karoly Emigransok kuldetesben, 1960-2000 W132

Roth, Philip The Human Stain W116

Hitchcott, Nicki Women Writers in Francophone Africa 303

Schulte, Rainer The Fallible Canon: The Struggle Between Omissions

and Additions A81

Mo, Timothy Renegade or [Halo.sup.2] 333

Bond, Ruskin Friends in Small Places: Ruskin Bond’s

Unforgettable People A132

Buffard, Claude-Henri La fille d’Emma A169

Bessora Les taches d’encre 351

Dario Fo: Stage, Text, and Tradition eds. Katayoun

Shahpar-Rad W106

van Toorn, Willem Gedichten 1960-1997 A191

The Poetry of Arab Women: A Contemporary Anthology ed. Ljusets drottning 381

Murdoch, Iris Something Special: A Story ill. Kelletat A185

Liang Xiaosheng Panic and Deaf: Two Modern Satires ed. Bruce Berlind W51 –

“Breakfast” (poem), tr. Munir

Akash Khaled Mattawa W187

Zivkovic, Zoran Time Gifts tr. trs.

Helena Goscilo et al. Hubert Spiegel 370

Between Lvov, New York and Ulysses’ Ithaca: Jozef Wittlin –

Poet, Essayist, Novelist ed. SEE Marie-Claire Blais

Homburg, Cornelia SEE The Dual Muse

Gospodinov, Georgi Estestven roman W169

Murakami, Haruki Norwegian Wood tr. Paul

Karpati A165

Rekola, Mirkka Muistinavaruus: Kirjoituksia, puheenvuoroja vuosilta

1959-1999 eds. Hix the author 349

Wright, Jay Transfigurations: Collected Poems A159

Burke, John Muk Muk Bridge of Triangles A131

Gabriel, Philip SEE Senji Kuroi — Gabriel, Philip SEE Haruki

Murakami

Mama’s Baby (Papa’s Maybe) Other Stories: New Welsh

Short Fiction eds. Vasa Mihailovic W174

Index of Reviews

Burnett, Paula Derek Walcott: Politics and Poetics A122

Nairn, Thom SEE George Vafopoulos

Joenpelto, Eeva Uskomattomia uhrauksia 343

Belingheri, Daniela SEE Lance Henson

Haydar, Paula SEE Rashid al-Daif

Ghosh, Amitav The Glass Palace A132

Nankov, Nikita Prazni prikazki W169

Enchi, Fumiko A Tale of False Fortunes tr. Anita Niknam Jean-Luc

Moreau A136

Bernstein, Michael Andre Five Portraits: Modernity and the

Imagination in Twentieth-Century German Writing 372

Bevilacqua, Alberto La polvere sull’erba 383

Volodine, Antoine Des anges mineurs W144

Raiziss, Sonia SEE Alfredo De Palchi

Kanafani, Ghassan Palestine’s Children: Returning to Haifa and

Other Stories trs. Sorkin

with the author W191

Goldblatt, Howard SEE Huang Chun-ming — SEE Wang Shuo

Franko, Roma SEE Hrytsko Hryhorenko

Hacker, Marilyn SEE Claire Malroux

Sirola, Jouka Sisustus 346

McNab, Felicity SEE Leila Marouane

Rulfo, Juan Aire de las colinas: Cartas a Clara ed. Edward Waters Hood

W182

Rytcheu, Juri Die Reise der Anna Odinzowa trs. Vaclav Havel, intro. W176

Index of Photographs Illustrations

Abdelahad, Noel 220

Alameddine, Rabih 286, back cover of Spring issue

al-Rayis, Muhammad 238

al-Sayyab, Badr Shakir 275

al-Shaykh, Hanan 212, back cover of Spring issue

Amichai, Yehuda W86

Babel, Isaac A92

Barthelme, Donald 296

Boullata, Issa J. W128

Hajewski, Thomas J. 384

Bishop, Michael SEE Salah Stetie

Beyala, Calixthe Comment cuisiner son mari a l’africaine W93

Clancier, Georges-Emmanuel Contre-chants A173

Raja Rao: An Anthology of Recent Criticism ed. Elliott

Kazuo Kawamura A138

Simic, Viseslav Zapisi Danilovog ucenika i druge price 393

Cerami, Vincenzo Fantasmi A202

George, Emery Compass Card: One Hundred Villanelles 337

Das, K.C. Vladimir Nabokov W167

Rauschenbach, Bernd SEE Peter Ruhmkorf

Lince, Segismundo SEE 13 poetas testimoniales

Morris, Sonia SEE Hrytsko Hryhorenko

Motte, Warren Ten Fables of the Novel in French of the 1990s A84

Phillips, Carl The Tether A157

Wertheim, Albert The Dramatic Art of Athol Fugard: From South

Africa to the World 312

Hoffmann, Yoel The Heart Is Katmandu tr. James O.

Belcher, tr. 311(2),A124(2)

Totfalusi, Istvan A166

Twitchell-Waas, Jeffrey A106,A129

Valerio-Holguin, Fernando W113,W181

Vanacek, Edwin A186

Vansant, Jacqueline A181

Vidan, Aida W170,387

Volet, Jean-Marie W96,A113,A123

Wall, Catharine E. Jr. James

Raeside W108

Tate, Bronwyn Russian Dolls 323

Jacquemond, Richard SEE Sonallah Ibrahim

Oates, Joyce Carol Blonde W115

Giffoni, Luis Adagio para o silencio 411

Simawe, Saadi A. Rodney Hall 314

Carbo, Nick SEE Babaylan

Davis, Robert Murray Out of the Shadows: Slovene Writing After

Independence W59 — When Was Postmodernism? 295

Brijs, Stefan Arend W155

Runge, Doris trittfeste schatten A185

Simic, Charles SEE Tomaz Salamun

Pireyre, Emmanuelle Mes vetements ne sont pas des draps de lit A176

Welch ein Leben: Marcel Reich-Ranickis Erinnerungen – Stimmen,

Kritiken, Dokumente ed. Thomas W107

Boyle, T.C. Heinrich Boll: Eine

Biographie A187

Copyright 2002 Gale, Cengage Learning. Fuego que engendra fuego / Fire That Engenders

Fire 398

Rzhevsky, Nicholas SEE Transitions

Zink, Dionys SEE Lance Henson

Akiwenzie-Damm, Kateri SEE Skins

Barnes, Julian Love, etc. Julia Shirek Smith 358

McDonald, Walt Whatever the Wind Delivers: Celebrating West Texas

and the Near Southwest photo ed. Anselm Hollo 344

Papadhopoulos, Lefteris I palii simathites W188

Crouse, Timothy SEE Roger Martin du Gard

Kande, Sylvie Lagon, lagunes: Tableau de memoire postf. Sheila

Sengupta 318

Tomlinson, Charles The Vineyard Above the Sea W122

The Picador Book of African Stories ed. Peter Reich W131

Taia, Abdellah Mon Maroc A122

Seidel, Frederick Life on Earth A158

Krog, Antjie Kleur kom nooit alleen nie A124 — Down to My Last

Skin A124

Kourouma, Ahmadou Allah n’est pas oblige A120

Carson, Jeffrey SEE Odysseus Elytis

Deville, Patrick Ces deux-la A171

Levy, Andrea Fruit of the Lemon A146

Supervielle, Silvia Baron Essais pour un espace A178

Castronuovo, David SEE Angela Bianchini

Carver, Raymond Call If You Need Me: The Uncollected Fiction and

Other Prose ed. Wayne P. Michael McCurdy 342

Komunyakaa, Yusef Talking Dirty to the Gods A153

Benge, Okot SEE Uganda Poetry Anthology 2000

Kronauer, Brigitte Teufelsbruck A179

Johnson, Charles Soulcatcher and Other Stories A146

Oster, Pierre Paysage du tout, 1951-2000 pref. Zheng Shusen et al.

A131

Jollin-Bertocchi, Sophie J.M.G. Jr. W120,A222

Wasserman, Kimberly 400

Waters, Chris 310,312

Watts, Richard W144

Whalen, Logan E. Rene Isaias Acuna Sanchez 398

Ali, Tariq The Stone Woman W111 — Shadows of the Pomegranate Tree

W112

Mainguy, Colette La Juive A176

Se habla espanol: Voces latinas en USA comps. Pierre Alechinsky 357

X

Ziolkowski, Theodore The Sin of Knowledge: Ancient Themes and

Modern Variations A238

Derrick, Neil, Edward Field The Villagers: A Novel of

Greenwich Village 331

Hartling, Peter Ein Balkon aus Papier A184

Hyltoft, Ole Barn af partiet: Erindringer 374

Sharpar-Rad, Katayoun SEE Reza Baraheni

Uppal, Priscila Confessions of a Fertility Expert W122

Rothmann, Ralf Gebet in Ruinen 369

Carson, Ciaran Selected Poems A152

Ali, Taha Muhammad Never Mind: Twenty Poems and a Story trs. W164,361(2)

Genova, Pamela A. The Survival of a Culture: An Interview with the

Sorbian Author Jurij Brezan A42

Deligiorgis, Stavros SEE Thanassis Valtinos

Ho, Elaine Yee Lin Timothy Mo 339

Buffoni, Franco Il profilo del Rosa W164

Jabra, Jabra Ibrahim In Search of Walid Masoud trs. 315,391,A214

Obradovic, Nadezda W172,W174,A216(2)

Oettli, Simone 322

Ojaide, Tanure 309,A120

Oser, Lee 336,338,A158

Oster, Rose-Marie G. Marilyn Hacker 359

Jelinek, Elfriede Das Lebewohl: 3 kl. Srinath 328

Carey, Peter True History of the Kelly Gang 314

Hirsch, Edward SEE Tomaz Salamun

Noguez, Dominique Le grantecrivain autres textes W143

Lee, Mabel SEE Gao Xingjian

Chang Ts’o SEE Dominic Cheung

Heaney, Seamus Beowulf: A New Verse Translation, Bilingual Edition

W119

Labinger, Andrea G. W106,W107,A136

Hannan, Jim 307,310,A122

Hauptman, Robert W127

Hempel, Nele W145

Henry, Richard A153

Hill, W. Emanuel Di

Pasquale A209

Naqvi, Maniza On Air 323

Santos, Rosario SEE The Fat Man from La Paz

Nye, Robert Mrs. W137,A172

Tarnawsky, Marta W175

Terras, Rita 370,A185(2)

Terras, Victor A212(2)

Thiher, Allen W138,W142,354,A172

Toerien, Barend J. Coeur brule et autres romances 354

Getman, John L. Das tr. Peter Zollman,

pref. by the author A209

Ozick, Cynthia Quarrel Quandary 339

Beard, Michael SEE Rashid al-Daif

Miller, Elizabeth Gamble SEE Claudio Rodriguez — SEE Nela Rio

Bandyopadhyay, Bidisha SEE Bidisha

Jha, Raj Kamal The Blue Bedspread W105

Nunez, Ana Rosa SEE Homenaje a Eugenio Florit

Schlesinger, Klaus Trug W147

Berlind, Bruce SEE Gyorgy Petri

Bergsson, Gudbergur Vorhaenan og adrar sogur A193

Petrov, Krinka Vidakovic SEE Li Qing

Hollo, Anselm SEE Kai Nieminen

Aizpuriete, Amanda Nakts peldetaja 348

Cohen, Marcel Notes tr. Philip Gabriel A137

Jersild, P.C. William L. Kwame Dawes 309

Ramanujan, A.K. W136,A175

Gerein, James 316

Gerling, David Ross W179,395,397

Gibbs, James W98

Glickman, Nora W180

Gomori, George W131,347,348,350,A110, A166

Gonzalez, Ann W182

Gorjup, Branko W120,W122

Gorup, Radmila J. A222

Sanchez Leon, Abelardo El mundo en una gota de rocio A221

Wilson, Norma C. Georgia de

Chamberet W143

Mihailovic, Vasa SEE Price iz Tudjine

Martin du Gard, Roger Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort trs. A112

Quinlan, Kieran W124

Raizis, M. John, Madeleine A Pure Clear Light W117

Vigevani, Alberto La febbre dei libri: Memorie de un libraio

bibliofilo A201

G

Welch, James The Heartsong of Charging Elk W185

Shono, Junzo Evening Clouds tr. 403,404,405,A229

Bradbook, B.R. Tran Nho Bui W112

Gomori, George The City in Modern Polish and Hungarian Poetry W52

A

Doyle, Peter Iurii Dombrovskii: Freedom Under Totalitarianism W168

Khalil-Khouri, Thuraya SEE Emily Nasrallah

Verma, Nirmal India and Europe: Selected Essays ed. 223

Brezan, Jurij A3, A43, A50

Chinese Blanc de Chine sculpture Lao Tze W19

Chinese dragon statuette W3

Chinese ivory carving Gentleman of High Rank W11

Chinese jade carving Foo Dog W28

Chinese stone carvings and seals W20, W21

Chinese tomb figure [Horse] W1

Chinese wood carving Our Lady of Talpa W2, W10

Cohen, Marcel A54, A55, A56, back cover of Summer/Autumn

issue

Darwish, Mahmud 282

Drakulic, Slavenka W3, W72

Duong Thu Huong A2, A31

Elytis, Odysseus A94

Frajlich, Anna A25, back cover of Summer/Autumn issue

Gao Xingjian W13, W22 — scene from play Between Life and

Death W24 — scene from play The Other Shore W25 — Watercolor

W88

Gauguin, Paul Copenhagen front cover of Winter issue

Gilman, Karyn Lynn SEE Daniel T. Ghost Songs: A Palestinian Love Story 403

D

Lin, Sylvia Li-chun Between the Individual and the Collective: Gao

Xingjian’s Fiction W12

Whispers from the Cotton Tree Root: Caribbean Fabulist Fiction ed.

Nalo Hopkinson A118

Paz Soldan, Edmundo SEE Se habla espanol

Novakovic, Mirjana Strah i njegov sluga A215

Ortolano, Glauco Top Ten Brazilian Novels of the Last Twenty Years A89 — SEE Moacyr Scliar

Galanaki, Rhea I Shall Sign as Loui tr. Charles Simic, fwd. W123,W193,A238

Ryan, Marleigh Grayer W108

Salih, Sabah A. Roger W100,303,A117

LaHood, Marvin J. Peter Kahn, intro. Shakespeare: The Complete Works 342

Petrovic, Goran Sitnicarnica Kod srecne ruke A216

Grol, Regina Eroticism and Exile: Anna Frajlich’s Poetry A22

Murphy, Richard Collected Poems, 1952-2000 A155

Mahapatra, Jayanta Bare Face A107

Carter, David SEE Allen Ginsberg

Hassinen, Pirjo Mansikoita Marraskuussa A163

Bourdin, Maryse SEE Su Jung In

ten Berge, H.C. A160

Lim, Suchen Christine A Bit of Earth 325

Frajlich, Anna W stoncu listopada 387 — SEE Between Lvov, New York

and Ulysses’ Ithaca

Reading and Writing the Ambiente: Queer Sexualities in Latino,

Latin American, and Spanish Culture eds. Julie Mango 307

Nguyen Van Sam Khoi song tren song ill. Rosario Santos, intro. 343,345,381,A165,A198,A199

Schulte, Rainer 369,A235

Schwarz, Robert W146,W148,365,A181,A184

Scrase, David W149,A184

Sengupta, Sagaree 318

Sharp, Francis Michael W151,A179,A188

Sharrad, Paul W103,W110

Shaw, Andrea A117,A153

Silenieks, Juris W133,348,349,A167

Silverman, Malcolm W190(2),411

Simonsuuri, Kirsti W134

Sjavik, Jan W155,W156

Skwara, Erich Wolfgang 364,A180

Smith, Robert P. Adam Schwartzman A125

Harlow, Barbara SEE Ghassan Kanafani

Lon, Anne Marie Kaerlighedens rum 374

O

Franzobel Santa Scala oder Josefine Wurznbachers Hohepunkt 363

Raeside, James SEE Noma Hiroshi

Hinojosa-Smith, Rolando Always Writing: A Chicano Life A64 — On

the 30th Anniversary of Tomas Rivera’s “… A119

Stendahl, Brita W158

Sterling, Eric W194,A110

Stynen, Ludo W155,376,A123

Swain, Rabindra K. Artemio Rodriguez, intro. Jay Rubin 321 — Sputnik

Sweetheart tr. All rights reserved.

White, Steven F. Hildi Hawkins Soila

Lehtonen W130

von der Goltz, Hans Die Erben 364

Isegawa, Moses Abyssinian Chronicles A127

Rubin, Jay SEE Haruki Murakami

Jomy, Alain Heureux comme a Monterey W137

King, Bruce Derek Walcott: A Caribbean Life 310

Abbott, Scott The Rhetoric of War and Peace: Peter Handke and the

Former Yugoslavia W78

Plantus-Runey, Doris SEE Lucian Blaga

Vormweg, Heinrich Der andere Deutsche. Debjani

Chatterjee 340

Sakamoto, Edward Aloha Las Vegas and Other Plays 315

Leclair, Bertrand Movi sevaze W144

Pinson, Jean-Claude Fado (avec flocons et fantomes) 362

Hein, Manfred Peter Hier ist gegangen wer: Gedichte 1993-2000

afterword Andreas F. Marco

Belpoliti Robert Gordon, tr. 408

Foster, David William A219,A226

Gadd, Bernard 324

Garrett, Daniel W114,A143

Gathercole, Patricia M. Stephen Gray A117

Berberova, Nina The Tattered Cloak and Other Stories tr. Sonja Kravanja

Zdenka Stimac A217

Marouane, Leila The Abductor tr. Betsy Wing A107

Gray, Stephen SEE The Picador Book of African Stories

Carling, Finn Forstenede oyeblikk 379

Kao, George SEE Pai Hsien-yung

K

Hernandez, Librada SEE Reading and Writing the Ambiente

Jankovic, Sava Raseljeno lice A215

Confiant, Raphael Le cahier de romances 308

B

Fuguet, Alberto SEE Se habla espanol

White, Edmund SEE Allen Ginsberg

Loy, Rosetta Ahi, Paloma A203

Capek, Karel Prijata korespondence eds. Athar A Certain Season intro. Hatch 360

Hall, Rodney SEE Max Williams

Levertov, Denise This Great Unknowing: Last Poems A154

Bloom, Harold How to Read and Why A236

Arasanayagam, Jean Colonizer/Colonized: Poems from a Post Colonial

Diary 326

Amann, Jurg Am Ufer des Flusses A179

Valtinos, Thanassis Data from the Decade of the Sixties trs. Marta Dandova Milada

Chlibcova A218

Fremon, Jean La Vraie Nature des ombres 353

Babaylan: An Anthology of Filipina and Filipina American Writers

eds. Ramanujan

Vidal, Gore The Golden Age 335

Bianchini, Angela The Edge of Europe trs. Living with the Tigress and the Muses: An Essay

on Jabra Ibrahim Jabra 214

The Wake Forest Book of Irish Women’s Poetry, 1967-2000 ed.

Peggy O’Brien W124

Phan Huy Duong SEE Duong Thu Huong

Hahn, Oscar Stolen Verses and Other Poems tr. Absence and Presence: Spanish Women Poets of

the Twenties and Thirties A224

Belling, Nina Til en fremmed A189

Simonsuuri, Kirsti About Forty Canons A77

Manent, Montserrat Cami de petra A231

Wassmo, Herbjorg Det sjuende mote W156

Krul, Claude SEE Chawqi Baghdadi

U

McCurdy, Michael SEE Iris Murdoch

Vendler, Helen On WLT’s Top 40 A79

Brown, Stewart SEE All Are Involved

Scuderi, Antonio SEE Dario Fo

Belcher, James O. The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage

and Style W127

Rodriguez, Artemio SEE Juan Felipe Herrera

Schrott, Raoul Die Wuste Lop Nor W148

Henderson, Bill SEE The Pushcart Prize XXV

Suomalaisia nykykirjailijoita ed. H.L. Kateri Akiwenzie-Damm

Josie Douglas A239

Gamboa, Santiago Vida feliz de un joven llamado Esteban 396

Treile, Irbe Princese atver acis: Romans miniaturas 349

Post-Gibran: Anthology of New Arab American Writing eds. W99,A106

Baron, Henry J. SEE R.K. A214

Mann, John A157

Martin, Margareta W129,343,344

Mataric, Mira W172,W173,W174,A215

Matteo, Sante A202

Matthew, Elizabeth 409

Mattsson, Margareta 380

McCormick, Robert H. Taotao Liu John Balcom A130

Hood, Edward Waters SEE Roberto Castillo

Ernaux, Annie L’evenement W136

Nikram, Anita SEE Ali Erfan

van der Ploeg, Durk It wurk fan ‘e duvel 376

Kuzyk, Peter Wasyl Garden of Verse: Book Five W176

Novarina, Valere L’origine rouge W140

St. W18o

Artalejo, Lucrecia A223

Bailey, Sharon M. W108

Parks, Gerald W163

Perry, John Oliver 317,319,A107

Peters, Issa W187,404,A228

Porter, Gerald A164

Powers, Elizabeth 372,A179

Pratt, William W119,W122,W126,338,A152,A154

Preto-Rodas, Richard A. Lauro Zavala

400

Daruwalla, Keki N. Byron W188(2),409,410(2)

Ramras-Rauch, Gila W189,411,A232

Reese, Christopher L. Jr. SEE Ioana Ieronim

Zollman, Peter SEE Sandor Kanyadi

Tarkka, Pekka SEE Suomalaisia nykykirjailijoita

Y

Can Xue La Rue de la Boue jaune tr. Edmond Tupja W186 –

Dragoi i fildishte W186

Waberi, Abdourahman A. Edouard

Glissant W138

Wheatle, Alex East of Acre Lane A151

Williams, Max The Unforgiving Poem comp. Roger Allen

Adnan Haydar 404

Starnone, Domenico Via Gemito A204

Le Clezio, J.M.G. 391(2),393,A215

Mikasinovich, Branko W172,393

Mitova, Katia W169(2),A213

Monk, Pamela 341

Montante, Michela 384

Mortimer, Mildred A107

Motte, Warren W141,352,356,A176

Mozur, Joseph P. A212

Osang, Alexander die nachrichten A183

S

Rio, Nela Two Poems tr. W102,A130

Wu, Fatima W101,W102,A131

Wylie, Hal W96,326

Zabus, Chantal W138,351

Zdanys, Jonas 349

Zimmermann, Ulf W147,364,365,A182,A183

Ziolkowski, Margaret 389

Ziolkowski, Theodore 366,A187

Zurowsky, Jaroslaw W176,A218

Zyla, Wolodymyr T. Roma

Franko W175

Newland, Courttia Society Within W114

de Chamberet, Georgia SEE Xcites

Fo, Dario SEE Dario Fo

Man-Cheong, Iona SEE Bei Dao

Bilu, Dalya SEE Yehoshua Kenaz

Sartarelli, Stephen SEE Gianni Riotta

Kruger, Michael Die Cellospielerin W146

McPherson, Nina SEE Duong Thu Huong

Zheng Shusen SEE Xianggang xin wenxue nianbiao

Morina, Mimmo Alma Mater W163

Haasse, Hella S. SEE Walt McDonald

Ozsvath, Zsuzanna In the Footsteps of Orpheus: The Life and Times

of Miklos Radnoti A166

Mukherjee, Meenakshi The Perishable Empire: Essays on Indian

Writing in English 318

Z

Cholodenko, Marc Mon heros (Je ne sais pas) 361

Laurrent, Eric Dehors W138

Kenne, Mel SEE Latife Tekin

Riotta, Gianni Prince of the Clouds tr. Luigi

Fontanella A205

Krohn, Leena Mita puut tekevat elokuussa: Seitseman kertomusta

keskenkasvuisille 344

Gailly, Christian Nuage rouge W137

Huchel, Peter Wie soll man da Gedichte schreiben: Briefe 1925-1977

ed. Paula Haydar, afterword

Adnan Haydar Michael Beard A229

N

Hopkinson, Nalo SEE Whispers from the Cotton Tree Root

Paranjape, Makarand Towards a Poetics of the Indian English Novel

319 — Used Book A134

Massenet, Violaine Francois Mauriac A108

Maron, Monika quer uber die gleise: artikel, essays, zwischenrufe

370

Karpati, Paul SEE Laszlo Bito

Chevillard, Eric Les absences du Capitaine Cook 352

Copple-Tosic, Alice SEE Zoran Zivkovic

Hix, H.L. Nick W177,398,401,A222

Hitchins, Keith 320,412,A140,A234

Horn, Pierre L. Lorin

Cuoco, intro. tr. Eila Kostamo Mirkka Rekola W134

Toth, Eva Emlekevers W133

Walker, Alice The Way Forward Is with a Broken Heart 335

Gronfeldt, Vibeke Det rigtige W154

Medina, Enrique La espera infinita A219

Silva, Deonisio da Os guerreiros do campo W190

L

Kiernan, Frances Seeing Mary Plain: A Life of Mary McCarthy W125

Epstein, Mikhail, Slobodanka Vladiv-Glover, Alexander Genis

Russian Postmodernism: New Perspectives on Post-Soviet Culture ed. Alberto Vital

W180

Singer, Lea Die Zunge A183

Agard, John Weblines ill. Phyllis Granoff W103

Banville, John Eclipse 329

Riboulet, Matieu Quelqu’un s’approche 356

Vafopoulos, George The Complete Poems trs. Lammers W108

Brookner, Anita The Bay of Angels A143

Kolb, Ulrike Fruhstuck mit Max W146

Liebrecht, Savyon Nashim Mi-Tokh Katalog 411

Richards, David Adams Mercy Among the Children A162

Nordbrandt, Henrik Egne digte 373

Livaneli, Zulfu Der Eunuch von Konstantinopel tr. Saliha Paker Mel

Kenne A234

Latrobe, Kathy Children’s Literature: International

Perspectives A98

Douskova, Irena Nekdo s nozem W170

Gallagher, Tess SEE Raymond Carver

Schwartzman, Adam SEE Ten South African Poets

Sorkin, Adam J. Nathalie Louisgrand 314

Genis, Alexander Red Bread 389 — SEE Mikhail Epstein

Kostamo, Eila SEE Mirkka Rekola

Roubaud, Jacques Poesie : W139 — La forme d’une ville change

plus vite, helas, que le coeur des humains: Cent cinquante poemes,

1991-1998 W142

Kahf, Mohja The Silences of Contemporary Syrian Literature 225

Noma Hiroshi “Dark Pictures” and Other Stories tr. George Szirtes 346

Castillo, Roberto The Bugler / El corneta tr. Marlowe

Miller W175

Depusse, Marie Qu’est-ce qu’on garde? 357

Fontanella, Luigi SEE Alfredo De Palchi

Nadas, Peter Love: A Novel tr. Jane

Assimakopoulos Stavros Deligiorgis W188

Ibrahim, Sonallah Charaf ou L’honneur tr. Fenrir: Een lang weekend in de Ardennen 375

Faye, Eric Les lumieres fossiles et autres recits 353 A Feast in

the Mirror: Stories by Contemporary Iranian Women eds. 396

Rogers, David A159

Rossel, Sven H. Elizabeth Gamble Miller 294

All Are Involved: The Art of Martin Carter ed. 376,A191

Bauschinger, Sigrid W148,368

Beck, Ervin 304,A118

Becker, Lucille F. Nina McPherson

Phan Huy Duong 327

Ramachandra, Ragini SEE Raja Rao

Levy, Michele “Brotherly Wounds”: Representations of

Balkan Conflict in Contemporary Balkan Literature W66

M

Wack, Amy SEE Oxygen

Mokeddem, Malika N’zid A114

Anderson, Eric Gary American Indian Literature and the Southwest:

Contexts and Dispositions W183

Akash, Munir SEE Post-Gibran

Bonnefoy, Yves Lieux et destins de l’image: Un cours de

poetique au College de France (1981-1993) W142

Out El Kouloub Three Tales of Love and Death tr. Lisa Schnorf W184

Brebion, Luc SEE Roger Martin du Gard

O’Brien, Edna James Joyce W126 — Wild Decembers W115

Seuren, Gunter Die Krotenkusser 367

Price iz Tudjine ed. W139,352,354,A169,A172

Ciplijauskaite, Birute 399,A224

Coad, David 313,314,A122,A131

Cocozzella, Peter A201,A204

Cohen, Leslie A232

Cookson, Sandra A150,A161

Cornis-Pope, Marcel A233

Crane, Rufus S. Joseph Farrell

Antonio Scuderi A208

Marteinsson, Hjortur AM oo: Soguleg skaldsaga A195

Montis, Kostas Apanta: Sympleroma E’ 410

Ostrauskas, Kostas Gyveno karta senelis ir senele A168

Szirtes, George The Budapest File 342 — SEE Sandor Kanyadi

de Lange, Nicholas SEE Amos Oz

Feldman, Burton The Nobel Prize: A History of Genius, Controversy,

and Prestige A238

Sarma-Sokolovs’kyi, Mykola Dorohoiu zhnyv W176

Snellman, Anja Aura A163

Pai Hsien-yung Taipei People / Taipei jen ed. Athar Tahir

The Redbeck Anthology of British South Asian Poetry ed. W171,337

Dana, Kathleen Osgood W129

d’Angelo, Giovanni A208

Daniell, Steven 354

Darnell, Helena 346,A164

Dauenhauer, Richard A239

Davies Cordova, Sarah A114

Davis, Robert Murray W128,W133,W175,W191,341,342

Dawes, Kwame S. Kosorici W172 — Tajna svadba boginje Selene W172

– Orfej u Paklu 391

Komrij, Gerrit SEE De Afrikaanse poezie

Cummings, Ora SEE Abraham B. Calin-Andrei Mihailescu

A222

13 poetas testimoniales ed. Stephen Sartarelli W160

R.K. Labinger A226

Mortimer, Mildred SEE Leila Sebbar

Langa, Mandla The Memory of Stones W99

Martelli, Sebastiano SEE Pietro Corsi

Johnson, Emily Nikita Khrushchev, Andrei Voznesensky, the

Cold Spring of 1963: Documenting the End of the Post-Stalin Thaw W30

Schwartz, Marian SEE Nina Berberova

Desai, Anita Diamond Dust: Stories W104

Dorrie, Doris Was machen wir jetzt? W145

Henson, Lance Revolutionslied tr. Nicholas de Lange with the author A110

Franco, Jean SEE Tununa Mercado

Ndione, Abasse Ramata A123

Pariani, Laura Il paese delle vocali W162

Hemmerechts, Kristien De kinderen van Arthur 376

Gao Xingjian The Case for Literature: The 2001 Nobel Lecture tr.

Mabel Lee W4

Lance, Alain Temps crible: Poemes, 1962-1999 W141

Void, Jan Erik I Vektens tegn: 777 dikt 380

Iser, Wolfgang The Range of Interpretation W193

Palsson, Sigurdur Blar prihyrningur A196

Malroux, Claire A Long-Gone Sun tr. W145,366,369

Wolf, Kirsten 377(2),A193,A196(2)

Wong, Timothy C. y no se trago la

tierra” W82

Garcia, Rupert SEE Juan Felipe Herrera

Chlibcova, Milada SEE Karel Capek

Orlando, Valerie Writing New H(er)stories for Francophone Women of

Africa and the Caribbean W40

Varis, Tuula-Liina Maan paalla paikka yksi on W129

Vicent, Manuel Son de mar 396 — La novia de Matisse A221

Asso, Francoise Rien n’est perdu 351

Index of Articles

Holappa, Pentti Runot 1950-2000 343

Laine, Pascal A croquer A169

Hijazi, Yahya SEE Taha Muhammad Ali

Jaron, Steven SEE Marcel Cohen

Rousseau, Francois-Olivier Le passeur A172

Feriani, Giampaolo SEE Alfredo De Palchi

Bei Dao Unlock trs. Andrea G. 392

Grawe, Christian W150(2)

Green, Maria A177

Greenberg, Judith L. Kim

Lefevre W111

Ashbery, John your name here 336 — other Traditions 338

Stetie, Salah Cold Water Shielded ed. Angela M. SEE Leslie Marmon Silko

Muschg, Adolf Sutters Gluck 366

Kadare, Ismail Lulet e ftohta te marsit 406 — Froides fleurs

d’avril tr. A125

De Julio, Maryann W144,357,A174

Debeljak, Ales 394

d’Heurle, Adma 355,A144

Dick, Bernard F. Jeannet

David Castronuovo W159

Hotschnig, Alois Ludwigs Zimmer 365

R

Oxygen: Beirdd newydd o Gymru / New Poets from Wales eds. Neugebauer W128

Kunitz, Stanley The Collected Poems 337

Rajkovic, D. Clare Cavanagh W171

Silko, Leslie Marmon Conversations with Leslie Marmon Silko ed.

Ellen L. Steven Jaron A54

Dawes, Kwame SEE Chris Abani — SEE Talk Yuh Talk

Siblewski, Klaus a komma punkt ernst jandl: Ein Leben in Texten und

Bildern A186

Angot, Christine L’inceste W135

Marai, Sandor Szabadulas 347

Arnold, Ellen L. Brink 311

Morris, Mervyn Five Poems W76

Chang Ta-chun Wild Kids: Two Novels About Growing Up tr. Satoshi Kitamura A118

Vital, Alberto SEE Juan Rulfo

Alvarez, Julia In the Name of Salome W113

Nijssen, Hub SEE Peter Huchel

Dhotel, Andre Poemes comme ca A173

Teller, Janne Odins o W154

De Carlo, Andrea Macno W162

Anderson, Barbara Long Hot Summer W109

Link, Perry The Uses of Literature: Life in the Socialist Chinese

Literary System W102

Marentes, Luis A. Nick Carbo Eileen Tabios A141

Balcom, John SEE Li Qiao

Lihn, Enrique Figures of Speech tr. A84

Mahfuz, Najib front cover of Spring issue

Matar, Muhammad ‘Afifi 275

Milosz, Czeslaw W54

Miller, Elizabeth Gamble 294

Morris, Mervyn W3, W77

Pineau, Gisele front cover of Summer/Autumn issue, A8, A17

Rio, Nela 299

Rivera, Tomas W82

Rodriguez, Claudio 294

Salamun, Tomaz W61

Scliar, Moacyr A90, back cover of Summer/Autumn issue

Sorbian festival processions A42

Sorbian signposts A45

Syrian bottle 201, 224

Taha, Mahmoud Ceramics and Calligraphy 202, 203

Voznesensky, Andrei W35 — Portrait of Allen Ginsberg W30 — Fresh

Vegetables Face W32 — Nabokov W33

COPYRIGHT 2002 University of Oklahoma

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Lammers, Wayne P. Philip Gabriel A138

Owens, Rochelle Luca: Discourse on Life and Death intro. Jr. A223

Zagajewski, Adam Another Beauty tr. 388,389

Kurtz, J. Sverre Lyngstad W156

Bangirana, Alex SEE Uganda Poetry Anthology 2000

Jones, Gail The House of Breathing 313

Quackenbush, Howard Devotas irreverencias: El auto en el teatro

latinoamericano W180

Hatch, Ronald B. Phan Thanh Hao Wayne

Karlin 327

Davies, Grahame SEE Oxygen

Allen, Roger Literary History and the Arabic Novel 204

Mitterand, Henri SEE Pierre Oster

Stories for a Winter’s Night: Short Fiction by Native

Americans ed. Mildred Mortimer A114

Stull, William L. 367

Hallmundsson, Hallberg A193,A194,A196

Hanaway, William L. Charlotte

Leonhard Kossuth W165

Fabian, Laszlo Hombar W130

Srinath, C.N.

tr. 340,341,A162

Rimanelli, Giose W113,W163,A205(2),A206

Risley, William R. W184(3),407,A126,A227

Besser, Gretchen Rous A171

Bien, Peter W188,329,A143

Binham, Philip W130,344

Bird, Rosa Julia A219

Birnbaum, Marianna D. Jean

Franco A226

Zagdanski, Stephane Pauvre de Gaulle! W139

Zervanou, Dionysia SEE George Vafopoulos

Tabios, Eileen SEE Babaylan

Atlan, Liliane Petites bibles pour mauvais temps W135

Schiff, Stacy Vera: Mrs. Edward Hirsch 394 — A

Ballad for Metka Krasovec tr. Of Fathers and the Fatherland in the Post-1995

Lebanese Exilic Novel 285

Alisanka, Eugenijus City of Ash trs. Richard Jacquemond

A229

Chappuis, Pierre Distance aveugle, precede de L’invisible

parole A178

Granoff, Phyllis SEE K.C. 306,326

Savvas, Minas 409

Scheckter, John S. C.N. Page numbers preceded by W and A refer respectively to the

Winter and Summer/Autumn issues. 315

Knudsen, James 330,A200

Koutsoudaki, Mary W187

Kratz, Henry W153,A195

Krzyzanowski, Jerzy R. James Hoggard 402

De Palchi, Alfredo In cao del me paese trs. Frank

Birbalsingh 304

Hein, Christoph Willenbrock W145

Yousaf, Nahem Alex La Guma: Politics and Resistance A126

Jouet, Jacques Poemes de metro W141

Talk Yuh Talk: Interviews with Anglophone Caribbean Poets ed. Susana Chavez-Silverman

Librada Hernandez, intro. Amy Wack

Grahame Davies W191

Tschinag, Galsan Der weisse Berg A140

Gomori, Gyorgy [George] Valtott hangokon: Szerepversek es ujabb

versek W131 — Magnetic Poles: Essays on Modern Polish and Comparative

Literature A214

. Constantine

Evangelides 409

Hemon, Aleksandar The Question of Bruno 332

Braun, Volker Das Wirklichgewollte A179

Milosz, Czeslaw To A110

Lefevre, Kim SEE Nguyen Huy Thiep

Davie, Donald Two Ways Out of Whitman: American Essays 338

Nasrallah, Emily A House Not Her Own: Stories from Beirut tr.

Thuraya Khalil-Khouri 403

Kossuth, Leonhard SEE Juri Rytcheu

Perloff, Marjorie SEE Rochelle Owens

Griswold, Wendy Bearing Witness: Readers, Writers, and the Novel in

Nigeria W98

The Dual Muse: The Writer as Artist, the Artist as Writer ed. Krinka Vidakovic Petrov Aleksandar

Petrov 315

Blais, Marie-Claire The Exile The Sacred Travellers tr. W128, 335

Lanters, Jose W115,375

Larios Vendrell, Luis W178,395,396,A220,A221,A223,A230

Larisch, Sharon A225

Leddy, Michael W119,A155,A160

Leusmann, Harald 363,A179

Levine, Etan A231

Levy, Michele 332,A217(2)

Lin, Sylvia Li-Chun W101

Lindstrom, Naomi W177,W181,398,A226

Lloyd, David W118,W124,W191,A145

Lofgren, Erik R. W183

Merlin, Lara A177

Mermier, Guy 353,361

Mihailovich, Vasa D. Das

Erfan, Ali La [602.sup.e] nuit trs. The Collected Essays ed. Ora Cummings W194

McEwen, Alastair SEE Umberto Eco

Biggins, Michael SEE Tomaz Salamun

Barrento, Joao Umbrais o pequeno livro dos prefacios A235

Davis-Undiano, Robert Con A New Era for WLT A5

Somlo, Ana Iduce godine u Jerusalimu W174

Lagorio, Gina Elogio della zucca 386

Coolidge, Clark On the Nameways vol. Barbara Harlow Karen E. Javier Sanjines W177

Sirajuddin, Shaista Sonnu SEE M. Shaista Sonnu Sirajuddin

324

Cohen, Daniel D’humaines conciliations A169

Kerschbaumer, Marie-Therese Fern: Drittes Buch A181

Davies, Lewis SEE Mama’s Baby (Papa’s Maybe)

De Signoribus, Eugenio Principio del giorno 386

Rathenow, Lutz Sterben will gelernt sein: Lyrische Prosa –

Prosaische Lyrik ill. Jr. 1 W119

Giardinelli, Mempo The Tenth Circle tr. Gerrit

Komrij 31

Gustafsson, Lars Meditationer: En filosofisk bilderbok W158

Sarris, Nikos SEE Odysseus Elytis

Rodriguez, Claudio Three Poems tr. Ana Rosa

Nunez et al. Bernd Rauschenbach W150 –

Wenn – aber dann: Vorletzte Gedichte W150

Doulatabadi, Mahmud Die alte Erde tr. The Journey: Stories by K.C. Murder and Masculinity: Violent Fictions of

Twentieth-Century Latin America 400

E

Dones, Elvira Yjet nuk vishen keshtu W185

Ejrnaes, Anne Marie Theas faerd 373

Pisarev, Djordje Zavera bliznakinja A216

Tsakalakis, Thomas Ke tora, kati endelos kenouryio! W188

Kristensen, Lis Vibeke Nanna A190

Farrell, Joseph SEE Dario Fo The Fat Man from La Paz: Contemporary

Fiction from Bolivia ed. Yehoshua

Conde, Maryse Celanire cou-coupe 306

D’Aguiar, Fred Bloodlines W95

Cheung, Dominic (Chang Ts’o) Drifting A129

Nori, Paolo Spinoza 385

Mattawa, Khaled SEE Post-Gibran

Tahir, M. Stewart Brown W94

Abani, Chris Kalakuta Republic intro. Bruce Berlind W92

Audouard, Antoine Adieu, mon unique 352

F

Ribas Talens, Javier El aprendiz A220

Kumpfmuller, Michael Hampels Fluchten A182

Jahaji: An Anthology of Indo-Caribbean Fiction ed. Thom Nairn

Dionysia Zervanou 410

Li Qiao Wintry Night trs. Les petits garcons naissent aussi des etoiles

A115

van der Velde, Rink it Guozzeroer A191

N.B. W103,A130,A142

Klopp, Charles 383,A201,A204

Knapp, Bettina W135,W136,W140,W143,W195,314,353,356,357,

358,362,A129,A139,A169,A170,A174,A176

Knapp, Mona W117(2),A183

Knowlton, Edgar C. Hanming Chen A130

Dupin, Jacques Ecart A178

Liu, Taotao see Li Qiao

Ayerra, Ramon Gente ligera de cascos 395

The Pushcart Prize XXV: Best of the Small Presses eds. W157,374

Ruckel, Terri Smith W135

Rudnick, Hans H. Numbers without a letter prefix refer

to the Spring issue.

Elytis, Odysseus “From Close By”: Nine Selections trs.

Jeffrey Carson Nikos Sarris A94

Ma Van Khang Against the Flood trs. Glauco Ortolano A92

Salamun, Tomaz Feast ed. Alan P. W104,A134

Nash, Susan Smith A156

Nazarenko, Tatiana A211

Nazareth, Peter 325,A128,A141,A156

Newson-Horst, Adele S. Cornelia Homburg A237

Gao Xingjian Soul Mountain tr. Nicholas Rzhevsky, intro. SEE Mempo Giardinelli

Wondratschek, Wolf Die grosse Beleidigung: Vier Erzahlungen A184

Kongoli, Fatos Le dragon d’ivoire tr. Pekka Tarkka A165

Szewc, Piotr Zmierzchy i poranki 388

Bojic, Veljko P. 335,A146,A148

Nguyen, Dinh-Hoa W111,W112

Noor, Ronny 323,A127

Novikov, Tatyana W168

Obradovic, Biljana D. 382

Dukas, Vytas A168

Dziekowicz, Donald J. Okot Benge Alex Bangirana

A128

Quignard, Pascal Terrasse a Rome 355

Kenaz, Yehoshua Returning Lost Loves tr. Segismundo Lince A224

Heller, Joseph Portrait of the Artist, As an Old Man W114

P

Hochhuth, Rolf Die Geburt der Tragodie aus dem Krieg: Frankfurter

Poetik-Vorlesungen A186

Traynor, Joanna Bitch Money A151

Mihailescu, Calin-Andrei SEE Jorge Luis Borges

Wellershoff, Dieter Der Liebeswunsch 368

Bito, Laszlo Abraham und Isaak: Roman nach der Bibel tr. Peter Cole A232

Bellver, Catherine G. Daniela Belingheri W184 — lieder

in der sprache des feindes / songs in the enemy’s language tr.

Dionys Zink, ill. Felicity McNab A113

Chedid, Andree Le message W136

Corsi, Pietro Omicidio in un paese di cacciatori pref. SEE Raymond Carver

Bohm, Tomas The Vienna Jazz Trio 380

Codrescu, Andrei The Devil Never Sleeps and Other Essays W128

Kroetsch, Robert Completed Field Notes: The Long Poems of Robert

Kroetsch A153

Kitamura, Satoshi SEE John Agard

Drabble, Margaret The Peppered Moth A144

Paasilinna, Arto Ihmiskunnan loppulaukka W129

Alvi, Moniza Carrying My Wife A152

Bhalla, Alok SEE Nirmal Verma

Goldstein, Imre SEE Peter Nadas

Lauermann, Renate SEE Hans von Savigny

Rowe, William Poets of Contemporary Latin America: History and the

Inner Life 401

McGowan, Nicoletta Di Ciolla SEE Francesca Duranti

Schnorf, Lisa SEE Lance Henson

Huang Chun-ming The Taste of Apples tr. Michael Bishop,

ill. Getman 408

Kuroi, Senji Life in the Cul-de-Sac tr. SEE Baltasar Porcel

Smith, Zadie White Teeth W116

Spianti, Christine Eden Zone W144

Harlan, Thomas Rosa A181

Persaud, Sasenarine The Hungry Sailor A156

Ruhmkorf, Peter Gedichte: Werke 1 ed. W105,328(2)

McMillan, Arnold W165

McNerney, Kathleen A116,A230,A231

Menton, Seymour W178

Meredith, Howard L. 339,A159,A160

Dorian, Marguerite A233

DuBois, Thomas A. The Nature of Native American Poetry A227

Ieronim, Ioana The Triumph of the Water Witch tr. Robert Richmond Ellis W181

Schuhl, Jean-Jacques Ingrid Caven 356

Kenny, Maurice SEE Stories for a Winter’s Night

Vatanabadi, Shouleh SEE A Feast in the Mirror

Levin, Gabriel SEE Taha Muhammad Ali

Heym, Stefan Die Architekten 365

Zavala, Lauro SEE Relatos vertiginosos

Castel-Bloom, Orly Radikalim Hofshiyyim A231

O’Brien, Peggy SEE The Wake Forest Book of Irish Women’s

Poetry

Lanz, Juan Jose Introduccion al estudio de la generacion poetica

espanola de 1968 399

Runarsson, Sigmundur Ernir Sogur af aldri og efa: Ljod og ljodsogur

A196

Khadra, Yasmina L’ecrivain A113

Efoui, Kossi La fabrique des ceremonies A127

Phan Thanh Hao SEE Ma Van Khang

Hoggard, James SEE Oscar Hahn

World Literature Today’s Top 40 List, 1927-2001: Celebrating

75 Years of Publishing Excellence A72

Ortheil, Hanns-Josef Die Nacht des Don Juan 366

Illyes, Gyula Charon’s Ferry: Fifty Poems tr. SEE Manfred Peter Hein

Kossuth, Charlotte SEE Juri Rytcheu

Riley, Karen SEE Ghassan Kanafani

Borges, Jorge Luis This Craft of Verse ed.

Sebbar, Leila Silence on the Shores tr. Adam J. Wolfgang Riemann

412

Dichter, Wilhelm Szkota bezboznikow W171

Grimsdottir, Vigdis Pognin 377

Montague, John Smashing the Piano W121

Hoban, Russell Angelica’s Grotto A162

Kapantai, Izmini I Floria ton neron W187

Axelrod, Mark Capital Castles W113

McAdams, Janet The Island of Lost Luggage W184

Andiievs’ka, Emma Kazky A218

J

Forssell, Lars Fortroenden W157

Hong Ying Une fille de la faim tr. Marian

Schwartz A211

Cortes, Carles Veu de dona A230

Blaga, Lucian Zalmoxis: Obscure Pagan tr. Thomas Simpson A208

Gluck, Anselm inland: augen lugen, spiegel nicht W149

Olson, Toby Write Letter to Billy 333

Brink, Andre The Rights of Desire A106 — Donkermaan A123

Porcel, Baltasar Springs and Autumns tr. W125,W167,359,A108,A238

Capek-Habekovic, Romana 386,A209

Capozzi, Rocco W161,385,A207

Carls, Alice-Catherine W171,387,388

Champagne, Roland A. Wolf

Kwahule, Koffi Village fou ou Les deconnards 308

Duranti, Francesca Left-Handed Dreams ed. Nathalie

Handal 405

Kelletat, Andreas F. Sumarblus 377

Eichmann-Leutenegger, Beatrice Flusswege A180

Klein, Carole Doris Lessing: A Biography 340

Angelides, Claire Venerable Lady, the Sea tr. Barr W195

Zajc, Dane Scorpions: Selected Poems trs. W106,318,A132

Al-Bazei, Saad A. Gisele Pineau: Writing the Dimensions of Migration

A9

Wright, Carolyne Seasons of Mangoes and Brainfire A158

Griffiths, Gareth African Literatures in English: East and West 303

Warner, Francis Rembrandt’s Mirror 341

Ruoff, A. A Friend of the Earth 330

Segovia, Tomas Poesia (1943-1997) 2d ed. Tess Gallagher A143

Nkogo Esono, Maximiliano Adja-Adja y otros relatos A116

Critical Essays on Ngugi wa Thiong’o ed. Modernism and Metaphor in Contemporary Arabic

Poetry 275

Sandor, Andras Szerelem: Megkozelitesek 348

Biron, Rebecca E. Luc

Brebion Timothy Crouse 359

Boldl, Klaus Sudlich von Abisko 363

Strachan, Geoffrey SEE Andrei Makine

Baraheni, Reza Les saisons en enfer du jeune Ayyaz tr. SEE Eugenijus Alisanka

Zannier, Luciano Pale de la Gialine W163 — Pale dal Noglar: doma

doma ed altri ascolti A206

Assimakopoulos, Jane SEE Thanassis Valtinos

Louis, Adrian C. A134

Talbot, Emile J. SEE Timothy Mo

Kravanja, Sonja SEE Dane Zajc

Gaspar, Lorand Patmos et autres poemes A174

Sontag, Susan In America W117

Westo, Kjell Vadan av att vara Skrake 382

Atiya, Nayra SEE Out El Kouloud

Vrkljan, Irena Posljednje putovanje u Bec 387

Makine, Andrei La musique d’une vie 354 — Confessions of a

Fallen Standard-Bearer tr. SEE Liang Xiaosheng

Beney, Zsuzsa Ket parton 350

Javadi, Fattaneh Haj Seyed Der Morgen der Trunkenheit tr. John L. SEE Junzo Shono

Clarke, Gillian Five Fields W118

Railey, Kevin Natural Aristocracy: History, Ideology, and the

Production of William Faulkner W128

Skiftesvik, Joni Gagarin kinoksessa A164

Lamming, George Coming, Coming Home: Conversations II A115

Bobis, Merlinda White Turtle: A Collection of Short Stories 324

Hawkins, Hildi SEE Helsinki

Grynberg, Henryk Memorbuch 388

Acuna Sanchez, Rene Isaias SEE Marco Antonio Montes de Oca

Reich-Ranicki, Marcel Mein Leben 370 — SEE Welch ein Leben

Berlind, Bruce SEE Gyula Illyes

Levi, Primo The Voice of Memory: Interviews 1961-1987 eds. Dnevnik 393

Brezan, Jurij SEE Gregory H. Robert Gordon A207

Handke, Peter Unter Tranen fragend: Nachtragliche Aufzeichnungen

von zwei Jugoslawien-Durchquerungen im Krieg, Marz und April 1999 W78

Muldoon, Paul Poems 1968-1998 A154

Mihailovic, Dragoslav Jalova jesen 391

Laabi, Abdellatif Poemes perissables W97

Lange, Hartmut Die Bildungsreise A182

Miller, Marlowe SEE Transitions

Spencer, Nigel SEE Marie-Claire Blais

De Afrikaanse poezie in duizend en enige gedichten comp. Vinay Dharwadker W105

Cusset, Catherine La haine de la famille A170

Boguslawski, Alexander SEE Victor Brook

Gutierrez Revuelta, Pedro La nariz de Nefertiti y otros poemas 397

Lovinger, Paul W. Keith Hitchins A233

Montes de Oca, Marco Antonio Delante de la luz cantan los pajaros:

Poesia 1953-2000 ed. Edmund White A160

Cole, Peter SEE Taha Muhammad Ali — SEE Yoel Hoffmann

Scliar, Moacyr Discovering Isaac Babel tr. Sonia Raiziss

Giampaolo Feriani Enzo Franchini A205 — Paradigma intro. Jose Vasconcelos and the Writing of the Mexican

Revolution A225

Haydar, Adnan SEE Rashid al-Daif — SEE Jabra Ibrahim Jabra

Lodge, David Thinks … Le Clezio: L’erotisme, les

mots A175

Kahler, Runa J. Howard Goldblatt A142

Sanjines, Javier SEE The Fat Man from La Paz

Relatos vertiginosos: Antologia de cuentos minimos ed. W126

Brown, Ashley W123,337

Brown, John L. W144

Earnshaw, Doris A157,A158

Economou, George 333

Ehrlich, Nina 367

Elgaard, Elin A162

Ellis, Cath 313

Elsie, Robert W185,W186(2),406(2)

Evans, Jane E. 381

Osundare, Niyi W94

Oxford, Jeffrey A220

Paddon, Seija 344,A163(2)

Paniker, Ayyappa A133

Parker, Judy W109

Parker, Patricia L. Dramen 369

Kottoor, Gopi Father: Wake Us in Passing A133

Daive, Jean L’autoportrait aux dormeuses 361 — Le retour

passeur 361

Chaudhuri, Amit A New World 316

Haslinger, Josef Das Vaterspiel 364

Friberg, Gosta Elegi over en lordagkvall pa Soder 381

Desbiolles, Maryline Le Petit col des loups A171

Oliphant, Dave SEE Enrique Lihn

Raharimanana, Jean-Luc Nour, 1947 A121

Salminen, Johannes Middagsdemonerna: Essaer A199

Perloff, Marjorie Reflections on the Top Forty A79

Gikandi, Simon Ngugi wa Thiong’o A121

Eagleton, Terry The Idea of Culture W193

Chinodya, Shimmer Can We Talk and Other Stories W100

Hamri, Porsteinn fra Vetrarmyndin A194

Hjalmarsson, Johann Hljodleikar A194

Steinsdottir, Idunn Haustgrima A197

Jose, Nicholas The Red Thread 313

Jeannet, Angela M

Home | Yahoo Answers

America has 10 times the murder rate. Poor people there have no access to healthcare, they are just left to die. While in Britain, everyone, no mater how poor has access to free healthcare. while in Britain police don’t even have guns.

We in Britain take care of the working class and the disabled people.

I’m thankful I live in England.

There are no laws in America stopping racist and homophobic hate speech.

It is common for unarmed people to be shot by police in America. If there are any good people there I can’t for the life of me think why any of them would want to live in such a place, why not come to Britain?

. I think America is a country of complete lunatics and evil people who couldn’t care less about the poor people.

In America no one takes care of the poor like they do here, which is why the homeless rate there is so high, where as in Britain we give them free government housing and money to live on.

In America no one takes care of the poor like they do here, which is why the homeless rate there is so high, where as in Britain we give them free government housing and money to live on….

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I’m from Britain and here barely anyone has guns. But in America it is very common. America has 10 times the murder rate. But in America it is very common.

Why is America such a backwards society compared to Britain?

I’m from Britain and here barely anyone has guns

The cost of military domination

It also notes that Congress has no accurate measure of the actual current spending on nuclear programs.

When planes, bombs, missiles, crew, fuel, and supplies are added, the cost becomes unimaginably high. Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies is simply titled “The Trillion Dollar Nuclear Triad,” pointing to its estimate that $1 trillion will be spent on nuclear systems by the US in the next 30 years. The B-2 has an ongoing annual cost of $300-$400 million for the last five years. Despite this, the overall military budget has not mirrored the drop as more money has been plowed into the incredibly expensive, high-tech weapons systems of the Navy and Air Force.

Yet the F-35 is just one of many programs with equally staggering costs. Replacing every single locomotive of Amtrak would cost less than operating one aircraft carrier for one year.

The proposed $613 billion in funding is more than eight times larger than the federal education budget. Including all of these costs, each of the 57 planes requested will cost $193 million.

The terrifying destructive potential of the US military, whether conventional or nuclear weapons, is a very profitable business. Given the provocative nature of the US’s activity in Ukraine, Eastern Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region, the possibility of any escalation is an absolutely harrowing prospect.

The purchase cost of military systems is really just a fraction of their ultimate cost. In the 2016 procurement budget, over twelve separate drone, plane, and helicopter programs each have budgets of $1-3 billion dollars. The Army’s costs have the largest connection to personnel, operations, and construction, and as US troop levels have been drawn down in Iraq and Afghanistan the Army’s share of funding has dropped significantly. Research, Development, Test Engineering (RDTE) received $62 billion, while construction and other assorted items took up the rest of the budget.

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Aircraft carriers are just one aspect of several multi-billion-dollar ship programs. In 2016, the White House is requesting $11 billion in funding for another year of research, development, and procurement. This includes a whopping 78 percent share of the global aerial refueling tanker fleet, the means by which combat aircraft can extend their flight range, allowing the US to more easily bomb anywhere in the world.

The officially budgeted military spending of the United States in 2014 was $610 billion, nearly 35 percent of global military spending and greater than the combined spending of China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, France, the UK, India and Germany.

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By

Jeff Lusanne

8 May 2015

A largely hidden, yet massive, military cost is the operation, maintenance and replacement of the so-called “Nuclear Triad.” This is the system of nuclear warheads ready for deployment on long range bombers, submarines, and land-based installations, and each of the three elements are up for replacement during the 2020s.

The US military, across all its branches, has 13,900 planes. The F-22 Raptor, the military’s latest air superiority fighter, is consuming upwards of $500 million per year just for upgrades and modifications. With these items, the annual amount is closer to $1 trillion.

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Every passing year in America brings news of cutbacks to essential social programs, from food stamps and home heating assistance to research and infrastructure. In September, when the US began bombing ISIS in Iraq and Syria, the stocks of four of the five largest weapons makers–Lockheed Martin, Northrup Grumman, General Dynamics and Raytheon–soared to all time highs.

Operating a carrier strike group has an estimated daily cost of $6.5 million, which is the cost of a new high-speed passenger rail locomotive. Each aircraft would carry millions of dollars worth of bombs and missiles. The city has announced plans to shut off water service to more than 20,000 households to collect a debt that amounts to about one-eighth the cost of one such aircraft.

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. What is never questioned in the political establishment is how a country with crumbling bridges and mass poverty can afford to spend hundreds of billions of dollars each year on the military.

This vast fleet of aircraft includes some of the most expensive weapons ever created, and current weapons programs that will cost even more. The entire commercial aircraft fleet in America–including all the major airlines and freight carriers like FedEx and UPS–is less than half that amount, at 6,788 aircraft.

The largest portion of the defense budget goes towards operations and maintenance of the military’s vast inventory of weapons and equipment. The most recent cost estimate of the notoriously failure-prone F-35 fighter-bomber is $400 billion for procurement of 2,400 planes, while the lifetime operational cost will be $1 trillion.

 

Between 2000 and 2006, the US Department of Defense budget rose from $300 billion to over $530 billion, and it continues at those levels, despite the sequester federal budget cuts. Tomahawk cruise missiles, the notorious weapon of choice for the “shock and awe” bombardment of Iraq in 2003, now cost $2.1 million each. Five E2-D Hawkeye command and control aircraft are requested for fiscal year 2016 at a cost of $263 million each. Ford-class carrier was launched in 2015 and cost $12.8 billion.

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Thus, each Ohio class submarine carries nearly 200 nuclear warheads that can simultaneously attack every major city of an entire region of the world–from just one submarine. The carrier can hold up to 90 aircraft, but even just 40 F-35Cs would represent $13.4 billion dollars, more than the already gargantuan cost of the carrier itself. In the first three days of the 2011 assault on Libya, at least 161 such missiles were fired; in present-day prices that would cost $338 million, the same cost as the 2,800-foot long six-lane Stan Musial Veteran’s Memorial Bridge across the Mississippi River that recently opened.

Real annual military spending by the United States is even higher, once nuclear weapons funding, interest payments on foreign wars, and the cost of veteran care is included. The Ford-class carrier is meant to feature the F-35C, which is the most expensive variant of the plane, at an estimated $337 million each. For 2016, the President has proposed a total spending amount of $613 billion that would put Pentagon spending higher than any point during the presidency of Ronald Reagan.

The destructive power of these nuclear forces is almost incomprehensible and greater than anything the world has ever known. Dozens of other planes require tens or hundreds of millions annually.

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Within the president’s proposed Pentagon budget for fiscal year 2016 there is a proposed 12 percent increase in procurement and RDTE spending to $177 billion, and much of it goes towards big-budget weapons programs designed to maintain total global military dominance.

In 2001, the per-plane estimated cost was $81 million, and the costs continue to rise as the plane is now seven years past its anticipated service date. Adding the 2014 and 2015 budgets, nearly $4 billion has been spent for just 15 of these aircraft.

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Compared to other militaries worldwide, the US operates more planes in every type of category (combat, transport, helicopter, training, etc.) than any other nation. The US Navy is constructing replacements of their fleet; the first Gerald R. A January 2014 report from the James R. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, only has a total of 355 locomotives to haul passengers across the entire country, nearly all of which are over 20 years old and in need of rebuilding or replacement. The category of Military Personnel received $142.9 billion, while procurement–new equipment–received $99.5 billion. Already in 2015, research on these replacements is consuming billions per year, before designs have even been finalized and contracts secured. At current rates, military and intelligence spending between 2015-2020 will exceed $4 trillion.

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The deficit of the City of Detroit, which was the nominal cause for the city’s bankruptcy and the gutting of city workers’ pensions, was $327 million in 2013–less than the cost of one Navy F-35C. In the FY2016 proposal, another $22 billion would go towards the construction of submarines, destroyers, littoral combat ships, and a fuel tanker. The total cost of all the items on the ship is therefore only comparable to entire federal budget items like science, which has a proposed budget of $31 billion for 2016.

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Yet nothing costs more money than an aircraft carrier, and the Navy has 10 of them in operation. Russia, China and France each field just one. The 14 current Ohio-class submarines in the Navy’s fleet each contain up to 24 nuclear-armed Trident II ballistic missiles. Each missile has a range of over 5,000 nautical miles and upon reentry into the earth’s atmosphere can release eight W88 “multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles.” Each W88 can travel to a separate target and yield a blast more powerful than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The White House is requesting $1.7 billion in 2016 for research and development on what is likely the next aircraft boondoggle, the Long Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B.) This new, undisclosed “high tech, long range” bomber will replace the B-52, which has rained down death across the world for over 60 years; the B-1; and the B-2, the most expensive aircraft in history at $2 billion per plane. The public is told there is no choice because “there is no money” for such programs. Northrup Grumman made the B-2 and is in fierce competition for the lucrative LRS-B contract.

Between the branches of the armed forces, 2014 funding was relatively equal: the Army received $167.4 billion, the Navy (including the Marines), $162.1 billion and the Air Force, $144.3 billion. It is over 22 times the amount proposed in the discretionary budget for transportation, $27.4 billion, even as the American Society of Civil Engineers rates the state of US infrastructure as a “D,” requiring trillions of dollars in repairs